Commit 8d85912a authored by Ondřej Kuzník's avatar Ondřej Kuzník Committed by Ondřej Kuzník
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lloadd documentation

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.TH LLOADD 8C "RELEASEDATE" "OpenLDAP LDVERSION"
.\" Copyright 2017-2020 The OpenLDAP Foundation All Rights Reserved.
.\" Copying restrictions apply. See COPYRIGHT/LICENSE.
.\" $OpenLDAP$
.SH NAME
lloadd \- LDAP Load Balancer Daemon
.SH SYNOPSIS
.B LIBEXECDIR/lloadd
[\c
.BR \-4 | \-6 ]
[\c
.BI \-d \ debug-level\fR]
[\c
.BI \-f \ lloadd-config-file\fR]
[\c
.BI \-h \ URLs\fR]
[\c
.BI \-n \ service-name\fR]
[\c
.BI \-s \ syslog-level\fR]
[\c
.BI \-l \ syslog-local-user\fR]
[\c
.BI \-o \ option\fR[ = value\fR]]
[\c
.BI \-r \ directory\fR]
[\c
.BI \-u \ user\fR]
[\c
.BI \-g \ group\fR]
.SH DESCRIPTION
.LP
.B Lloadd
is the stand-alone LDAP daemon. It listens for LDAP connections on
any number of ports (default \fB389\fP), forwarding the LDAP operations
it receives over these connections to be handled by the configured
backends.
.B lloadd
is typically invoked at boot time, usually out of
.BR /etc/rc.local .
Upon startup,
.B lloadd
normally forks and disassociates itself from the invoking tty.
If configured in the config file, the
.B lloadd
process will print its process ID (see
.BR getpid (2))
to a
.B .pid
file, as well as the command line options during invocation to an
.B .args
file (see
.BR lloadd.conf (5)).
If the
.B \-d
flag is given, even with a zero argument,
.B lloadd
will not fork and disassociate from the invoking tty.
.LP
See the "OpenLDAP Administrator's Guide" for more details on
.BR lloadd .
.SH OPTIONS
.TP
.B \-4
Listen on IPv4 addresses only.
.TP
.B \-6
Listen on IPv6 addresses only.
.TP
.BI \-d \ debug-level
Turn on debugging as defined by
.IR debug-level .
If this option is specified, even with a zero argument,
.B lloadd
will not fork or disassociate from the invoking terminal. Some general
operation and status messages are printed for any value of \fIdebug-level\fP.
\fIdebug-level\fP is taken as a bit string, with each bit corresponding to a
different kind of debugging information. See <ldap_log.h> for details.
Comma-separated arrays of friendly names can be specified to select
debugging output of the corresponding debugging information.
All the names recognized by the \fIloglevel\fP directive
described in \fBlloadd.conf\fP(5) are supported.
If \fIdebug-level\fP is \fB?\fP, a list of installed debug-levels is printed,
and lloadd exits.
Remember that if you turn on packet logging, packets containing bind passwords
will be output, so if you redirect the log to a logfile, that file should
be read-protected.
.TP
.BI \-s \ syslog-level
This option tells
.B lloadd
at what debug-level debugging statements should be logged to the
.BR syslog (8)
facility.
The value \fIsyslog-level\fP can be set to any value or combination
allowed by the \fB\-d\fP switch.
Lloadd logs all messages selected by \fIsyslog-level\fP
at the
.BR syslog (3)
severity debug-level \fBDEBUG\fP,
on the unit specified with \fB\-l\fP.
.TP
.BI \-n \ service-name
Specifies the service name for logging and other purposes. Defaults
to basename of argv[0], i.e.: "lloadd".
.TP
.BI \-l \ syslog-local-user
Selects the local user of the
.BR syslog (8)
facility. Value can be
.BR LOCAL0 ,
through
.BR LOCAL7 ,
as well as
.B USER
and
.BR DAEMON .
The default is
.BR LOCAL4 .
However, this option is only permitted on systems that support
local users with the
.BR syslog (8)
facility.
Logging to syslog(8) occurs at the "DEBUG" severity debug-level.
.TP
.BI \-f \ lloadd-config-file
Specifies the lloadd configuration file. The default is
.BR ETCDIR/lloadd.conf .
.TP
.BI \-h \ URLlist
.B lloadd
will by default serve
.B ldap:///
(LDAP over TCP on all interfaces on default LDAP port). That is,
it will bind using INADDR_ANY and port \fB389\fP.
The
.B \-h
option may be used to specify LDAP (and other scheme) URLs to serve.
For example, if lloadd is given
.BR "\-h \(dqldap://127.0.0.1:9009/ ldaps:/// ldapi:///\(dq" ,
it will listen on 127.0.0.1:9009 for LDAP, 0.0.0.0:636 for LDAP over TLS,
and LDAP over IPC (Unix domain sockets). Host 0.0.0.0 represents
INADDR_ANY (any interface).
A space separated list of URLs is expected. The URLs should be of
the LDAP, LDAPS, or LDAPI schemes, and generally
without a DN or other optional parameters (excepting as discussed below).
Support for the latter two schemes depends on selected configuration
options. Hosts may be specified by name or IPv4 and IPv6 address formats.
Ports, if specified, must be numeric. The default ldap:// port is \fB389\fP
and the default ldaps:// port is \fB636\fP.
For LDAP over IPC,
.B name
is the name of the socket, and no
.B port
is required, nor allowed; note that directory separators must be
URL-encoded, like any other characters that are special to URLs;
so the socket
/usr/local/var/ldapi
must be specified as
ldapi://%2Fusr%2Flocal%2Fvar%2Fldapi
The default location for the IPC socket is LOCALSTATEDIR/run/ldapi
.TP
.BI \-r \ directory
Specifies a directory to become the root directory. lloadd will
change the current working directory to this directory and
then
.BR chroot (2)
to this directory. This is done after opening listeners but before
reading any configuration file or initializing any backend. When
used as a security mechanism, it should be used in conjunction with
.B \-u
and
.B \-g
options.
.TP
.BI \-u \ user
.B lloadd
will run lloadd with the specified user name or id, and that user's
supplementary group access list as set with initgroups(3). The group ID
is also changed to this user's gid, unless the \fB\-g\fP option is used to
override. Note when used with
.BR \-r ,
lloadd will use the user database in the change root environment.
.TP
.BI \-g \ group
.B lloadd
will run with the specified group name or id. Note when used with
.BR \-r ,
lloadd will use the group database in the change root environment.
.TP
.BI \-o \ option\fR[ = value\fR]
This option provides a generic means to specify options without the need to reserve
a separate letter for them.
It supports the following options:
.RS
.TP
.BR slp= { on \||\| off \||\| \fIslp-attrs\fP }
When SLP support is compiled into lloadd, disable it (\fBoff\fP),
enable it by registering at SLP DAs without specific SLP attributes (\fBon\fP),
or with specific SLP attributes
.I slp-attrs
that must be an SLP attribute list definition according to the SLP standard.
For example, \fB"slp=(tree=production),(server-type=OpenLDAP),(server\-version=2.4.15)"\fP
registers at SLP DAs with the three SLP attributes tree, server-type and server-version
that have the values given above.
This allows one to specifically query the SLP DAs for LDAP servers holding the
.I production
tree in case multiple trees are available.
.RE
.SH EXAMPLES
To start
.I lloadd
and have it fork and detach from the terminal and start load-balancing
the LDAP servers defined in the default config file, just type:
.LP
.nf
.ft tt
LIBEXECDIR/lloadd
.ft
.fi
.LP
To start
.B lloadd
with an alternate configuration file, and turn
on voluminous debugging which will be printed on standard error, type:
.LP
.nf
.ft tt
LIBEXECDIR/lloadd \-f /var/tmp/lloadd.conf \-d 255
.ft
.fi
.SH "SEE ALSO"
.BR ldap (3),
.BR lloadd.conf (5),
.BR slapd (8).
.LP
"OpenLDAP Administrator's Guide" (http://www.OpenLDAP.org/doc/admin/)
.SH BUGS
See http://www.openldap.org/its/
.SH ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
.so ../Project
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