saslauthz.c 51.1 KB
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/* $OpenLDAP$ */
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/* This work is part of OpenLDAP Software <http://www.openldap.org/>.
 *
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 * Copyright 1998-2021 The OpenLDAP Foundation.
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 * Portions Copyright 2000 Mark Adamson, Carnegie Mellon.
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 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted only as authorized by the OpenLDAP
 * Public License.
 *
 * A copy of this license is available in the file LICENSE in the
 * top-level directory of the distribution or, alternatively, at
 * <http://www.OpenLDAP.org/license.html>.
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 */
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#include "portable.h"

#include <stdio.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_LIMITS_H
#include <limits.h>
#endif
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#include <ac/stdlib.h>
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#include <ac/string.h>
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#include <ac/ctype.h>
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#include "slap.h"

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#include "lutil.h"
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#include "config.h"
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#define SASLREGEX_REPLACE 10

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#define LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT	((ber_int_t) 0x0010)
#define LDAP_X_SCOPE_REGEX	((ber_int_t) 0x0020)
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#define LDAP_X_SCOPE_CHILDREN	((ber_int_t) 0x0030)
#define LDAP_X_SCOPE_SUBTREE	((ber_int_t) 0x0040)
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#define LDAP_X_SCOPE_ONELEVEL	((ber_int_t) 0x0050)
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#define LDAP_X_SCOPE_GROUP	((ber_int_t) 0x0060)
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#define LDAP_X_SCOPE_USERS	((ber_int_t) 0x0070)
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/*
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 * IDs in DNauthzid form can now have a type specifier, that
 * influences how they are used in related operations.
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 *
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 * syntax: dn[.{exact|regex}]:<val>
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 *
 * dn.exact:	the value must pass normalization and is used 
 *		in exact DN match.
 * dn.regex:	the value is treated as a regular expression 
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 *		in matching DN values in authz{To|From}
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 *		attributes.
 * dn:		for backwards compatibility reasons, the value 
 *		is treated as a regular expression, and thus 
 *		it is not normalized nor validated; it is used
 *		in exact or regex comparisons based on the 
 *		context.
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 *
 * IDs in DNauthzid form can now have a type specifier, that
 * influences how they are used in related operations.
 *
 * syntax: u[.mech[/realm]]:<val>
 * 
 * where mech is a SIMPLE, AUTHZ, or a SASL mechanism name
 * and realm is mechanism specific realm (separate to those
 * which are representable as part of the principal).
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 */

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typedef struct sasl_regexp {
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  char *sr_match;						/* regexp match pattern */
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  char *sr_replace;					/* regexp replace pattern */
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} SaslRegexp_t;

static int nSaslRegexp = 0;
static SaslRegexp_t *SaslRegexp = NULL;

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#include "rewrite.h"
struct rewrite_info	*sasl_rwinfo = NULL;
#define AUTHID_CONTEXT	"authid"
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static BerVarray	authz_rewrites = NULL;
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/* What SASL proxy authorization policies are allowed? */
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#define	SASL_AUTHZ_NONE	0x00
#define	SASL_AUTHZ_FROM	0x01
#define	SASL_AUTHZ_TO	0x02
#define SASL_AUTHZ_AND	0x10
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static const char *policy_txt[] = {
	"none", "from", "to", "any"
};

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static int authz_policy = SASL_AUTHZ_NONE;

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static int
slap_sasl_match( Operation *opx, struct berval *rule,
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	struct berval *assertDN, struct berval *authc );

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int slap_sasl_setpolicy( const char *arg )
{
	int rc = LDAP_SUCCESS;

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	if ( strcasecmp( arg, "none" ) == 0 ) {
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		authz_policy = SASL_AUTHZ_NONE;
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	} else if ( strcasecmp( arg, "from" ) == 0 ) {
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		authz_policy = SASL_AUTHZ_FROM;
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	} else if ( strcasecmp( arg, "to" ) == 0 ) {
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		authz_policy = SASL_AUTHZ_TO;
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	} else if ( strcasecmp( arg, "both" ) == 0 || strcasecmp( arg, "any" ) == 0 ) {
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		authz_policy = SASL_AUTHZ_FROM | SASL_AUTHZ_TO;
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	} else if ( strcasecmp( arg, "all" ) == 0 ) {
		authz_policy = SASL_AUTHZ_FROM | SASL_AUTHZ_TO | SASL_AUTHZ_AND;
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	} else {
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		rc = LDAP_OTHER;
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	}
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	return rc;
}

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const char * slap_sasl_getpolicy()
{
	if ( authz_policy == (SASL_AUTHZ_FROM | SASL_AUTHZ_TO | SASL_AUTHZ_AND) )
		return "all";
	else
		return policy_txt[authz_policy];
}

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int slap_parse_user( struct berval *id, struct berval *user,
		struct berval *realm, struct berval *mech )
{
	char	u;
	
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	assert( id != NULL );
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	assert( !BER_BVISNULL( id ) );
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	assert( user != NULL );
	assert( realm != NULL );
	assert( mech != NULL );
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	u = id->bv_val[ 0 ];
	
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	if ( u != 'u' && u != 'U' ) {
		/* called with something other than u: */
		return LDAP_PROTOCOL_ERROR;
	}
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	/* uauthzid form:
	 *		u[.mech[/realm]]:user
	 */
	
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	user->bv_val = ber_bvchr( id, ':' );
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	if ( BER_BVISNULL( user ) ) {
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		return LDAP_PROTOCOL_ERROR;
	}
	user->bv_val[ 0 ] = '\0';
	user->bv_val++;
	user->bv_len = id->bv_len - ( user->bv_val - id->bv_val );

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	if ( id->bv_val[1] == '.' ) {
		id->bv_val[1] = '\0';
		mech->bv_val = id->bv_val + 2;
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		mech->bv_len = user->bv_val - mech->bv_val - 1;
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		realm->bv_val = ber_bvchr( mech, '/' );
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		if ( !BER_BVISNULL( realm ) ) {
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			realm->bv_val[ 0 ] = '\0';
			realm->bv_val++;
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			mech->bv_len = realm->bv_val - mech->bv_val - 1;
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			realm->bv_len = user->bv_val - realm->bv_val - 1;
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		}
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	} else {
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		BER_BVZERO( mech );
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		BER_BVZERO( realm );
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	}

	if ( id->bv_val[ 1 ] != '\0' ) {
		return LDAP_PROTOCOL_ERROR;
	}

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	if ( !BER_BVISNULL( mech ) ) {
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		if ( mech->bv_val != id->bv_val + 2 )
			return LDAP_PROTOCOL_ERROR;
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		AC_MEMCPY( mech->bv_val - 2, mech->bv_val, mech->bv_len + 1 );
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		mech->bv_val -= 2;
	}

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	if ( !BER_BVISNULL( realm ) ) {
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		if ( realm->bv_val < id->bv_val + 2 )
			return LDAP_PROTOCOL_ERROR;
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		AC_MEMCPY( realm->bv_val - 2, realm->bv_val, realm->bv_len + 1 );
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		realm->bv_val -= 2;
	}

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	/* leave "u:" before user */
	user->bv_val -= 2;
	user->bv_len += 2;
	user->bv_val[ 0 ] = u;
	user->bv_val[ 1 ] = ':';
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	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

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int
authzValidate(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *in )
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{
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	struct berval	bv;
	int		rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	LDAPURLDesc	*ludp = NULL;
	int		scope = -1;

	/*
	 * 1) <DN>
	 * 2) dn[.{exact|children|subtree|onelevel}]:{*|<DN>}
	 * 3) dn.regex:<pattern>
	 * 4) u[.mech[/realm]]:<ID>
	 * 5) group[/<groupClass>[/<memberAttr>]]:<DN>
	 * 6) <URL>
	 */

	assert( in != NULL );
	assert( !BER_BVISNULL( in ) );

	Debug( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE,
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		"authzValidate: parsing %s\n", in->bv_val );
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	/*
	 * 2) dn[.{exact|children|subtree|onelevel}]:{*|<DN>}
	 * 3) dn.regex:<pattern>
	 *
	 * <DN> must pass DN normalization
	 */
	if ( !strncasecmp( in->bv_val, "dn", STRLENOF( "dn" ) ) ) {
		bv.bv_val = in->bv_val + STRLENOF( "dn" );

		if ( bv.bv_val[ 0 ] == '.' ) {
			bv.bv_val++;

			if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "exact:", STRLENOF( "exact:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "exact:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;

			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "regex:", STRLENOF( "regex:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "regex:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_REGEX;

			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "children:", STRLENOF( "children:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "children:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_CHILDREN;

			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "subtree:", STRLENOF( "subtree:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "subtree:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_SUBTREE;

			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "onelevel:", STRLENOF( "onelevel:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "onelevel:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_ONELEVEL;

			} else {
				return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			}

		} else {
			if ( bv.bv_val[ 0 ] != ':' ) {
				return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			}
			scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;
			bv.bv_val++;
		}

		bv.bv_val += strspn( bv.bv_val, " " );
		/* jump here in case no type specification was present
		 * and uri was not an URI... HEADS-UP: assuming EXACT */
is_dn:		bv.bv_len = in->bv_len - ( bv.bv_val - in->bv_val );

		/* a single '*' means any DN without using regexes */
		if ( ber_bvccmp( &bv, '*' ) ) {
			/* LDAP_X_SCOPE_USERS */
			return LDAP_SUCCESS;
		}

		switch ( scope ) {
		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT:
		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_CHILDREN:
		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_SUBTREE:
		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_ONELEVEL:
			return dnValidate( NULL, &bv );

		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_REGEX:
			return LDAP_SUCCESS;
		}

		return rc;

	/*
	 * 4) u[.mech[/realm]]:<ID>
	 */
	} else if ( ( in->bv_val[ 0 ] == 'u' || in->bv_val[ 0 ] == 'U' )
			&& ( in->bv_val[ 1 ] == ':' 
				|| in->bv_val[ 1 ] == '/' 
				|| in->bv_val[ 1 ] == '.' ) )
	{
		char		buf[ SLAP_LDAPDN_MAXLEN ];
		struct berval	id,
				user = BER_BVNULL,
				realm = BER_BVNULL,
				mech = BER_BVNULL;

		if ( sizeof( buf ) <= in->bv_len ) {
			return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		}

		id.bv_len = in->bv_len;
		id.bv_val = buf;
		strncpy( buf, in->bv_val, sizeof( buf ) );

		rc = slap_parse_user( &id, &user, &realm, &mech );
		if ( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
			return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		}

		return rc;

	/*
	 * 5) group[/groupClass[/memberAttr]]:<DN>
	 *
	 * <groupClass> defaults to "groupOfNames"
	 * <memberAttr> defaults to "member"
	 * 
	 * <DN> must pass DN normalization
	 */
	} else if ( strncasecmp( in->bv_val, "group", STRLENOF( "group" ) ) == 0 )
	{
		struct berval	group_dn = BER_BVNULL,
				group_oc = BER_BVNULL,
				member_at = BER_BVNULL;

		bv.bv_val = in->bv_val + STRLENOF( "group" );
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		bv.bv_len = in->bv_len - STRLENOF( "group" );
		group_dn.bv_val = ber_bvchr( &bv, ':' );
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		if ( group_dn.bv_val == NULL ) {
			/* last chance: assume it's a(n exact) DN ... */
			bv.bv_val = in->bv_val;
			scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;
			goto is_dn;
		}
		
		/*
		 * FIXME: we assume that "member" and "groupOfNames"
		 * are present in schema...
		 */
		if ( bv.bv_val[ 0 ] == '/' ) {
			group_oc.bv_val = &bv.bv_val[ 1 ];
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			group_oc.bv_len = group_dn.bv_val - group_oc.bv_val;
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			member_at.bv_val = ber_bvchr( &group_oc, '/' );
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			if ( member_at.bv_val ) {
				AttributeDescription	*ad = NULL;
				const char		*text = NULL;

				group_oc.bv_len = member_at.bv_val - group_oc.bv_val;
				member_at.bv_val++;
				member_at.bv_len = group_dn.bv_val - member_at.bv_val;
				rc = slap_bv2ad( &member_at, &ad, &text );
				if ( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
					return rc;
				}
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			}
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			if ( oc_bvfind( &group_oc ) == NULL ) {
				return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
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			}
		}

		group_dn.bv_val++;
		group_dn.bv_len = in->bv_len - ( group_dn.bv_val - in->bv_val );

		rc = dnValidate( NULL, &group_dn );
		if ( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
			return rc;
		}

		return rc;
	}

	/*
	 * ldap:///<base>??<scope>?<filter>
	 * <scope> ::= {base|one|subtree}
	 *
	 * <scope> defaults to "base"
	 * <base> must pass DN normalization
	 * <filter> must pass str2filter()
	 */
	rc = ldap_url_parse( in->bv_val, &ludp );
	switch ( rc ) {
	case LDAP_URL_SUCCESS:
		/* FIXME: the check is pedantic, but I think it's necessary,
		 * because people tend to use things like ldaps:// which
		 * gives the idea SSL is being used.  Maybe we could
		 * accept ldapi:// as well, but the point is that we use
		 * an URL as an easy means to define bits of a search with
		 * little parsing.
		 */
		if ( strcasecmp( ludp->lud_scheme, "ldap" ) != 0 ) {
			/*
			 * must be ldap:///
			 */
			rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			goto done;
		}
		break;

	case LDAP_URL_ERR_BADSCHEME:
		/*
		 * last chance: assume it's a(n exact) DN ...
		 *
		 * NOTE: must pass DN normalization
		 */
		ldap_free_urldesc( ludp );
		bv.bv_val = in->bv_val;
		scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;
		goto is_dn;

	default:
		rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		goto done;
	}

	if ( ( ludp->lud_host && *ludp->lud_host )
		|| ludp->lud_attrs || ludp->lud_exts )
	{
		/* host part must be empty */
		/* attrs and extensions parts must be empty */
		rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		goto done;
	}

	/* Grab the filter */
	if ( ludp->lud_filter ) {
		Filter	*f = str2filter( ludp->lud_filter );
		if ( f == NULL ) {
			rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			goto done;
		}
		filter_free( f );
	}

	/* Grab the searchbase */
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	if ( ludp->lud_dn != NULL ) {
		ber_str2bv( ludp->lud_dn, 0, 0, &bv );
		rc = dnValidate( NULL, &bv );
	} else {
		rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	}
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done:
	ldap_free_urldesc( ludp );
	return( rc );
}

static int
authzPrettyNormal(
	struct berval	*val,
	struct berval	*normalized,
	void		*ctx,
	int		normalize )
{
	struct berval	bv;
	int		rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	LDAPURLDesc	*ludp = NULL;
	char		*lud_dn = NULL,
			*lud_filter = NULL;
	int		scope = -1;

	/*
	 * 1) <DN>
	 * 2) dn[.{exact|children|subtree|onelevel}]:{*|<DN>}
	 * 3) dn.regex:<pattern>
	 * 4) u[.mech[/realm]]:<ID>
	 * 5) group[/<groupClass>[/<memberAttr>]]:<DN>
	 * 6) <URL>
	 */

	assert( val != NULL );
	assert( !BER_BVISNULL( val ) );
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	BER_BVZERO( normalized );
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	/*
	 * 2) dn[.{exact|children|subtree|onelevel}]:{*|<DN>}
	 * 3) dn.regex:<pattern>
	 *
	 * <DN> must pass DN normalization
	 */
	if ( !strncasecmp( val->bv_val, "dn", STRLENOF( "dn" ) ) ) {
		struct berval	out = BER_BVNULL,
				prefix = BER_BVNULL;
		char		*ptr;

		bv.bv_val = val->bv_val + STRLENOF( "dn" );

		if ( bv.bv_val[ 0 ] == '.' ) {
			bv.bv_val++;

			if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "exact:", STRLENOF( "exact:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "exact:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;

			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "regex:", STRLENOF( "regex:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "regex:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_REGEX;

			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "children:", STRLENOF( "children:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "children:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_CHILDREN;

			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "subtree:", STRLENOF( "subtree:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "subtree:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_SUBTREE;

			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "onelevel:", STRLENOF( "onelevel:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "onelevel:" );
				scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_ONELEVEL;

			} else {
				return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			}

		} else {
			if ( bv.bv_val[ 0 ] != ':' ) {
				return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			}
			scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;
			bv.bv_val++;
		}

		bv.bv_val += strspn( bv.bv_val, " " );
		/* jump here in case no type specification was present
		 * and uri was not an URI... HEADS-UP: assuming EXACT */
is_dn:		bv.bv_len = val->bv_len - ( bv.bv_val - val->bv_val );

		/* a single '*' means any DN without using regexes */
		if ( ber_bvccmp( &bv, '*' ) ) {
			ber_str2bv_x( "dn:*", STRLENOF( "dn:*" ), 1, normalized, ctx );
			return LDAP_SUCCESS;
		}

		switch ( scope ) {
		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT:
		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_CHILDREN:
		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_SUBTREE:
		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_ONELEVEL:
			if ( normalize ) {
				rc = dnNormalize( 0, NULL, NULL, &bv, &out, ctx );
			} else {
				rc = dnPretty( NULL, &bv, &out, ctx );
			}
			if( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
				return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			}
			break;

		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_REGEX:
			normalized->bv_len = STRLENOF( "dn.regex:" ) + bv.bv_len;
			normalized->bv_val = ber_memalloc_x( normalized->bv_len + 1, ctx );
			ptr = lutil_strcopy( normalized->bv_val, "dn.regex:" );
			ptr = lutil_strncopy( ptr, bv.bv_val, bv.bv_len );
			ptr[ 0 ] = '\0';
			return LDAP_SUCCESS;

		default:
			return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		}

		/* prepare prefix */
		switch ( scope ) {
		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT:
			BER_BVSTR( &prefix, "dn:" );
			break;

		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_CHILDREN:
			BER_BVSTR( &prefix, "dn.children:" );
			break;

		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_SUBTREE:
			BER_BVSTR( &prefix, "dn.subtree:" );
			break;

		case LDAP_X_SCOPE_ONELEVEL:
			BER_BVSTR( &prefix, "dn.onelevel:" );
			break;

		default:
			assert( 0 );
			break;
		}

		normalized->bv_len = prefix.bv_len + out.bv_len;
		normalized->bv_val = ber_memalloc_x( normalized->bv_len + 1, ctx );
		
		ptr = lutil_strcopy( normalized->bv_val, prefix.bv_val );
		ptr = lutil_strncopy( ptr, out.bv_val, out.bv_len );
		ptr[ 0 ] = '\0';
		ber_memfree_x( out.bv_val, ctx );

		return LDAP_SUCCESS;

	/*
	 * 4) u[.mech[/realm]]:<ID>
	 */
	} else if ( ( val->bv_val[ 0 ] == 'u' || val->bv_val[ 0 ] == 'U' )
			&& ( val->bv_val[ 1 ] == ':' 
				|| val->bv_val[ 1 ] == '/' 
				|| val->bv_val[ 1 ] == '.' ) )
	{
		char		buf[ SLAP_LDAPDN_MAXLEN ];
		struct berval	id,
				user = BER_BVNULL,
				realm = BER_BVNULL,
				mech = BER_BVNULL;

		if ( sizeof( buf ) <= val->bv_len ) {
			return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		}

		id.bv_len = val->bv_len;
		id.bv_val = buf;
		strncpy( buf, val->bv_val, sizeof( buf ) );

		rc = slap_parse_user( &id, &user, &realm, &mech );
		if ( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
			return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		}

		ber_dupbv_x( normalized, val, ctx );

		return rc;

	/*
	 * 5) group[/groupClass[/memberAttr]]:<DN>
	 *
	 * <groupClass> defaults to "groupOfNames"
	 * <memberAttr> defaults to "member"
	 * 
	 * <DN> must pass DN normalization
	 */
	} else if ( strncasecmp( val->bv_val, "group", STRLENOF( "group" ) ) == 0 )
	{
		struct berval	group_dn = BER_BVNULL,
				group_oc = BER_BVNULL,
				member_at = BER_BVNULL,
				out = BER_BVNULL;
		char		*ptr;

		bv.bv_val = val->bv_val + STRLENOF( "group" );
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		bv.bv_len = val->bv_len - STRLENOF( "group" );
		group_dn.bv_val = ber_bvchr( &bv, ':' );
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		if ( group_dn.bv_val == NULL ) {
			/* last chance: assume it's a(n exact) DN ... */
			bv.bv_val = val->bv_val;
			scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;
			goto is_dn;
		}

		/*
		 * FIXME: we assume that "member" and "groupOfNames"
		 * are present in schema...
		 */
		if ( bv.bv_val[ 0 ] == '/' ) {
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			ObjectClass		*oc = NULL;

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			group_oc.bv_val = &bv.bv_val[ 1 ];
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			group_oc.bv_len = group_dn.bv_val - group_oc.bv_val;
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			member_at.bv_val = ber_bvchr( &group_oc, '/' );
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			if ( member_at.bv_val ) {
				AttributeDescription	*ad = NULL;
				const char		*text = NULL;

				group_oc.bv_len = member_at.bv_val - group_oc.bv_val;
				member_at.bv_val++;
				member_at.bv_len = group_dn.bv_val - member_at.bv_val;
				rc = slap_bv2ad( &member_at, &ad, &text );
				if ( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
					return rc;
				}

				member_at = ad->ad_cname;

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			}
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			oc = oc_bvfind( &group_oc );
			if ( oc == NULL ) {
				return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
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			}
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			group_oc = oc->soc_cname;
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		}

		group_dn.bv_val++;
		group_dn.bv_len = val->bv_len - ( group_dn.bv_val - val->bv_val );

		if ( normalize ) {
			rc = dnNormalize( 0, NULL, NULL, &group_dn, &out, ctx );
		} else {
			rc = dnPretty( NULL, &group_dn, &out, ctx );
		}
		if ( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
			return rc;
		}

		normalized->bv_len = STRLENOF( "group" ":" ) + out.bv_len;
		if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &group_oc ) ) {
			normalized->bv_len += STRLENOF( "/" ) + group_oc.bv_len;
			if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &member_at ) ) {
				normalized->bv_len += STRLENOF( "/" ) + member_at.bv_len;
			}
		}

		normalized->bv_val = ber_memalloc_x( normalized->bv_len + 1, ctx );
		ptr = lutil_strcopy( normalized->bv_val, "group" );
		if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &group_oc ) ) {
			ptr[ 0 ] = '/';
			ptr++;
			ptr = lutil_strncopy( ptr, group_oc.bv_val, group_oc.bv_len );
			if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &member_at ) ) {
				ptr[ 0 ] = '/';
				ptr++;
				ptr = lutil_strncopy( ptr, member_at.bv_val, member_at.bv_len );
			}
		}
		ptr[ 0 ] = ':';
		ptr++;
		ptr = lutil_strncopy( ptr, out.bv_val, out.bv_len );
		ptr[ 0 ] = '\0';
		ber_memfree_x( out.bv_val, ctx );

		return rc;
	}

	/*
	 * ldap:///<base>??<scope>?<filter>
	 * <scope> ::= {base|one|subtree}
	 *
	 * <scope> defaults to "base"
	 * <base> must pass DN normalization
	 * <filter> must pass str2filter()
	 */
	rc = ldap_url_parse( val->bv_val, &ludp );
	switch ( rc ) {
	case LDAP_URL_SUCCESS:
		/* FIXME: the check is pedantic, but I think it's necessary,
		 * because people tend to use things like ldaps:// which
		 * gives the idea SSL is being used.  Maybe we could
		 * accept ldapi:// as well, but the point is that we use
		 * an URL as an easy means to define bits of a search with
		 * little parsing.
		 */
		if ( strcasecmp( ludp->lud_scheme, "ldap" ) != 0 ) {
			/*
			 * must be ldap:///
			 */
			rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			goto done;
		}

		AC_MEMCPY( ludp->lud_scheme, "ldap", STRLENOF( "ldap" ) );
		break;

	case LDAP_URL_ERR_BADSCHEME:
		/*
		 * last chance: assume it's a(n exact) DN ...
		 *
		 * NOTE: must pass DN normalization
		 */
		ldap_free_urldesc( ludp );
		bv.bv_val = val->bv_val;
		scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;
		goto is_dn;

	default:
		rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		goto done;
	}

	if ( ( ludp->lud_host && *ludp->lud_host )
		|| ludp->lud_attrs || ludp->lud_exts )
	{
		/* host part must be empty */
		/* attrs and extensions parts must be empty */
		rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		goto done;
	}

	/* Grab the filter */
	if ( ludp->lud_filter ) {
		struct berval	filterstr;
		Filter		*f;

		lud_filter = ludp->lud_filter;

		f = str2filter( lud_filter );
		if ( f == NULL ) {
			rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			goto done;
		}
		filter2bv( f, &filterstr );
		filter_free( f );
		if ( BER_BVISNULL( &filterstr ) ) {
			rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
			goto done;
		}

		ludp->lud_filter = filterstr.bv_val;
	}

	/* Grab the searchbase */
	if ( ludp->lud_dn ) {
		struct berval	out = BER_BVNULL;

		lud_dn = ludp->lud_dn;

		ber_str2bv( lud_dn, 0, 0, &bv );
		if ( normalize ) {
			rc = dnNormalize( 0, NULL, NULL, &bv, &out, ctx );
		} else {
			rc = dnPretty( NULL, &bv, &out, ctx );
		}

		if ( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
			goto done;
		}

		ludp->lud_dn = out.bv_val;
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	} else {
		rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		goto done;
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	}

	ludp->lud_port = 0;
	normalized->bv_val = ldap_url_desc2str( ludp );
	if ( normalized->bv_val ) {
		normalized->bv_len = strlen( normalized->bv_val );

	} else {
		rc = LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	}

done:
	if ( lud_filter ) {
		if ( ludp->lud_filter != lud_filter ) {
			ber_memfree( ludp->lud_filter );
		}
		ludp->lud_filter = lud_filter;
	}

	if ( lud_dn ) {
		if ( ludp->lud_dn != lud_dn ) {
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			slap_sl_free( ludp->lud_dn, ctx );
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		}
		ludp->lud_dn = lud_dn;
	}

	ldap_free_urldesc( ludp );

	return( rc );
}

int
authzNormalize(
	slap_mask_t	usage,
	Syntax		*syntax,
	MatchingRule	*mr,
	struct berval	*val,
	struct berval	*normalized,
	void		*ctx )
{
	int		rc;

	Debug( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE, ">>> authzNormalize: <%s>\n",
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		val->bv_val );
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	rc = authzPrettyNormal( val, normalized, ctx, 1 );

	Debug( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE, "<<< authzNormalize: <%s> (%d)\n",
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		normalized->bv_val, rc );
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	return rc;
}

int
authzPretty(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *val,
	struct berval *out,
	void *ctx)
{
	int		rc;

	Debug( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE, ">>> authzPretty: <%s>\n",
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		val->bv_val );
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	rc = authzPrettyNormal( val, out, ctx, 0 );

	Debug( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE, "<<< authzPretty: <%s> (%d)\n",
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		out->bv_val ? out->bv_val : "(null)" , rc );
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	return rc;
}


static int
slap_parseURI(
	Operation	*op,
	struct berval	*uri,
	struct berval	*base,
	struct berval	*nbase,
	int		*scope,
	Filter		**filter,
	struct berval	*fstr,
	int		normalize )
{
	struct berval	bv;
	int		rc;
	LDAPURLDesc	*ludp;

	struct berval	idx;
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	assert( uri != NULL && !BER_BVISNULL( uri ) );
	BER_BVZERO( base );
	BER_BVZERO( nbase );
	BER_BVZERO( fstr );
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	*scope = -1;
	*filter = NULL;

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	Debug( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE,
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		"slap_parseURI: parsing %s\n", uri->bv_val );
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	rc = LDAP_PROTOCOL_ERROR;
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	idx = *uri;
	if ( idx.bv_val[ 0 ] == '{' ) {
		char	*ptr;

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		ptr = ber_bvchr( &idx, '}' ) + 1;
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		assert( ptr != (void *)1 );

		idx.bv_len -= ptr - idx.bv_val;
		idx.bv_val = ptr;
		uri = &idx;
	}

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	/*
	 * dn[.<dnstyle>]:<dnpattern>
	 * <dnstyle> ::= {exact|regex|children|subtree|onelevel}
	 *
	 * <dnstyle> defaults to "exact"
	 * if <dnstyle> is not "regex", <dnpattern> must pass DN normalization
	 */
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	if ( !strncasecmp( uri->bv_val, "dn", STRLENOF( "dn" ) ) ) {
		bv.bv_val = uri->bv_val + STRLENOF( "dn" );
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		if ( bv.bv_val[ 0 ] == '.' ) {
			bv.bv_val++;
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			if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "exact:", STRLENOF( "exact:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "exact:" );
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				*scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;
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			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "regex:", STRLENOF( "regex:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "regex:" );
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				*scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_REGEX;
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			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "children:", STRLENOF( "children:" ) ) ) {
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				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "children:" );
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				*scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_CHILDREN;
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			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "subtree:", STRLENOF( "subtree:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "subtree:" );
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				*scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_SUBTREE;
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			} else if ( !strncasecmp( bv.bv_val, "onelevel:", STRLENOF( "onelevel:" ) ) ) {
				bv.bv_val += STRLENOF( "onelevel:" );
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				*scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_ONELEVEL;

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			} else {
				return LDAP_PROTOCOL_ERROR;
			}
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		} else {
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			if ( bv.bv_val[ 0 ] != ':' ) {
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				return LDAP_PROTOCOL_ERROR;
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			}
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			*scope = LDAP_X_SCOPE_EXACT;
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			bv.bv_val++;
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		}
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