schema_init.c 139 KB
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/* schema_init.c - init builtin schema */
/* $OpenLDAP$ */
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/* This work is part of OpenLDAP Software <http://www.openldap.org/>.
 *
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 * Copyright 1998-2008 The OpenLDAP Foundation.
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 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted only as authorized by the OpenLDAP
 * Public License.
 *
 * A copy of this license is available in the file LICENSE in the
 * top-level directory of the distribution or, alternatively, at
 * <http://www.OpenLDAP.org/license.html>.
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 */

#include "portable.h"

#include <stdio.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_LIMITS_H
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#include <limits.h>
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#endif
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#include <ac/ctype.h>
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#include <ac/errno.h>
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#include <ac/string.h>
#include <ac/socket.h>

#include "slap.h"
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#include "../../libraries/liblber/lber-int.h" /* get ber_ptrlen() */
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#include "ldap_utf8.h"

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#include "lutil.h"
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#include "lutil_hash.h"
#define HASH_BYTES				LUTIL_HASH_BYTES
#define HASH_CONTEXT			lutil_HASH_CTX
#define HASH_Init(c)			lutil_HASHInit(c)
#define HASH_Update(c,buf,len)	lutil_HASHUpdate(c,buf,len)
#define HASH_Final(d,c)			lutil_HASHFinal(d,c)
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/* approx matching rules */
#define directoryStringApproxMatchOID	"1.3.6.1.4.1.4203.666.4.4"
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#define directoryStringApproxMatch		approxMatch
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#define directoryStringApproxIndexer	approxIndexer
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#define directoryStringApproxFilter		approxFilter
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#define IA5StringApproxMatchOID			"1.3.6.1.4.1.4203.666.4.5"
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#define IA5StringApproxMatch			approxMatch
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#define IA5StringApproxIndexer			approxIndexer
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#define IA5StringApproxFilter			approxFilter
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/* Change Sequence Number (CSN) - much of this will change */
#define csnMatch				octetStringMatch
#define csnOrderingMatch		octetStringOrderingMatch
#define csnIndexer				generalizedTimeIndexer
#define csnFilter				generalizedTimeFilter

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#define authzMatch				octetStringMatch

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unsigned int index_substr_if_minlen = SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_IF_MINLEN_DEFAULT;
unsigned int index_substr_if_maxlen = SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_IF_MAXLEN_DEFAULT;
unsigned int index_substr_any_len = SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY_LEN_DEFAULT;
unsigned int index_substr_any_step = SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY_STEP_DEFAULT;

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unsigned int index_intlen = SLAP_INDEX_INTLEN_DEFAULT;
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unsigned int index_intlen_strlen = SLAP_INDEX_INTLEN_STRLEN(
	SLAP_INDEX_INTLEN_DEFAULT );
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ldap_pvt_thread_mutex_t	ad_undef_mutex;
ldap_pvt_thread_mutex_t	oc_undef_mutex;

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static int
generalizedTimeValidate(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *in );

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#ifdef SUPPORT_OBSOLETE_UTC_SYNTAX
static int
utcTimeValidate(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *in );
#endif /* SUPPORT_OBSOLETE_UTC_SYNTAX */

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static int
inValidate(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *in )
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{
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	/* no value allowed */
	return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
}
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static int
blobValidate(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *in )
{
	/* any value allowed */
	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
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}
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#define berValidate blobValidate

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static int
sequenceValidate(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *in )
{
	if ( in->bv_len < 2 ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	if ( in->bv_val[0] != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;

	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

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/* X.509 related stuff */

enum {
	SLAP_X509_V1		= 0,
	SLAP_X509_V2		= 1,
	SLAP_X509_V3		= 2
};
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enum {
	SLAP_TAG_UTCTIME		= 0x17U,
	SLAP_TAG_GENERALIZEDTIME	= 0x18U
};


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#define	SLAP_X509_OPTION	(LBER_CLASS_CONTEXT|LBER_CONSTRUCTED)

enum {
	SLAP_X509_OPT_C_VERSION		= SLAP_X509_OPTION + 0,
	SLAP_X509_OPT_C_ISSUERUNIQUEID	= SLAP_X509_OPTION + 1,
	SLAP_X509_OPT_C_SUBJECTUNIQUEID	= SLAP_X509_OPTION + 2,
	SLAP_X509_OPT_C_EXTENSIONS	= SLAP_X509_OPTION + 3
};

enum {
	SLAP_X509_OPT_CL_CRLEXTENSIONS	= SLAP_X509_OPTION + 0
};

/* X.509 certificate validation */
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static int
certificateValidate( Syntax *syntax, struct berval *in )
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{
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	BerElementBuffer berbuf;
	BerElement *ber = (BerElement *)&berbuf;
	ber_tag_t tag;
	ber_len_t len;
	ber_int_t version = SLAP_X509_V1;

	ber_init2( ber, in, LBER_USE_DER );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Signed wrapper */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Sequence */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	tag = ber_peek_tag( ber, &len );
	/* Optional version */
	if ( tag == SLAP_X509_OPT_C_VERSION ) {
		tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
		tag = ber_get_int( ber, &version );
		if ( tag != LBER_INTEGER ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	}
	/* NOTE: don't try to parse Serial, because it might be longer
	 * than sizeof(ber_int_t); deferred to certificateExactNormalize() */
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Serial */
	if ( tag != LBER_INTEGER ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Signature Algorithm */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Issuer DN */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Validity */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Subject DN */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Subject PublicKeyInfo */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	if ( tag == SLAP_X509_OPT_C_ISSUERUNIQUEID ) {	/* issuerUniqueID */
		if ( version < SLAP_X509_V2 ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		ber_skip_data( ber, len );
		tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	}
	if ( tag == SLAP_X509_OPT_C_SUBJECTUNIQUEID ) {	/* subjectUniqueID */
		if ( version < SLAP_X509_V2 ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		ber_skip_data( ber, len );
		tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	}
	if ( tag == SLAP_X509_OPT_C_EXTENSIONS ) {	/* Extensions */
		if ( version < SLAP_X509_V3 ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
		if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		ber_skip_data( ber, len );
		tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	}
	/* signatureAlgorithm */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	/* Signature */
	if ( tag != LBER_BITSTRING ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX; 
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	/* Must be at end now */
	if ( len || tag != LBER_DEFAULT ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

/* X.509 certificate list validation */
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static int
certificateListValidate( Syntax *syntax, struct berval *in )
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{
	BerElementBuffer berbuf;
	BerElement *ber = (BerElement *)&berbuf;
	ber_tag_t tag;
	ber_len_t len;
	ber_int_t version = SLAP_X509_V1;

	ber_init2( ber, in, LBER_USE_DER );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Signed wrapper */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Sequence */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	tag = ber_peek_tag( ber, &len );
	/* Optional version */
	if ( tag == LBER_INTEGER ) {
		tag = ber_get_int( ber, &version );
		assert( tag == LBER_INTEGER );
		if ( version != SLAP_X509_V2 ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	}
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Signature Algorithm */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* Issuer DN */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );	/* thisUpdate */
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	/* Time is a CHOICE { UTCTime, GeneralizedTime } */
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	if ( tag != SLAP_TAG_UTCTIME && tag != SLAP_TAG_GENERALIZEDTIME ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
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	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	/* Optional nextUpdate */
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
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	if ( tag == SLAP_TAG_UTCTIME || tag == SLAP_TAG_GENERALIZEDTIME ) {
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		ber_skip_data( ber, len );
		tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	}
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	/* revokedCertificates - Sequence of Sequence, Optional */
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	if ( tag == LBER_SEQUENCE ) {
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		ber_len_t seqlen;
		if ( ber_peek_tag( ber, &seqlen ) == LBER_SEQUENCE ) {
			/* Should NOT be empty */
			ber_skip_data( ber, len );
			tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
		}
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	}
	/* Optional Extensions */
	if ( tag == SLAP_X509_OPT_CL_CRLEXTENSIONS ) { /* ? */
		if ( version != SLAP_X509_V2 ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
		if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		ber_skip_data( ber, len );
		tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	}
	/* signatureAlgorithm */
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	/* Signature */
	if ( tag != LBER_BITSTRING ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX; 
	ber_skip_data( ber, len );
	tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
	/* Must be at end now */
	if ( len || tag != LBER_DEFAULT ) return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
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	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

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int
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octetStringMatch(
	int *matchp,
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	slap_mask_t flags,
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	Syntax *syntax,
	MatchingRule *mr,
	struct berval *value,
	void *assertedValue )
{
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	struct berval *asserted = (struct berval *) assertedValue;
	int match = value->bv_len - asserted->bv_len;
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	if( match == 0 ) {
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		match = memcmp( value->bv_val, asserted->bv_val, value->bv_len );
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	}

	*matchp = match;
	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

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int
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octetStringOrderingMatch(
	int *matchp,
	slap_mask_t flags,
	Syntax *syntax,
	MatchingRule *mr,
	struct berval *value,
	void *assertedValue )
{
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	struct berval *asserted = (struct berval *) assertedValue;
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	ber_len_t v_len  = value->bv_len;
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	ber_len_t av_len = asserted->bv_len;
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	int match = memcmp( value->bv_val, asserted->bv_val,
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		(v_len < av_len ? v_len : av_len) );
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	if( match == 0 ) match = v_len - av_len;

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	*matchp = match;
	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

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static void
hashPreset(
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	HASH_CONTEXT *HASHcontext,
	struct berval *prefix,
	char pre,
	Syntax *syntax,
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	MatchingRule *mr)
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{
	HASH_Init(HASHcontext);
	if(prefix && prefix->bv_len > 0) {
		HASH_Update(HASHcontext,
			(unsigned char *)prefix->bv_val, prefix->bv_len);
	}
	if(pre) HASH_Update(HASHcontext, (unsigned char*)&pre, sizeof(pre));
	HASH_Update(HASHcontext, (unsigned char*)syntax->ssyn_oid, syntax->ssyn_oidlen);
	HASH_Update(HASHcontext, (unsigned char*)mr->smr_oid, mr->smr_oidlen);
	return;
}

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static void
hashIter(
	HASH_CONTEXT *HASHcontext,
	unsigned char *HASHdigest,
	unsigned char *value,
	int len)
{
	HASH_CONTEXT ctx = *HASHcontext;
	HASH_Update( &ctx, value, len );
	HASH_Final( HASHdigest, &ctx );
}

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/* Index generation function */
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int octetStringIndexer(
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	slap_mask_t use,
	slap_mask_t flags,
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	Syntax *syntax,
	MatchingRule *mr,
	struct berval *prefix,
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	BerVarray values,
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	BerVarray *keysp,
	void *ctx )
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{
	int i;
	size_t slen, mlen;
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	BerVarray keys;
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	HASH_CONTEXT HASHcontext;
	unsigned char HASHdigest[HASH_BYTES];
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	struct berval digest;
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	digest.bv_val = (char *)HASHdigest;
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	digest.bv_len = sizeof(HASHdigest);
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	for( i=0; !BER_BVISNULL( &values[i] ); i++ ) {
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		/* just count them */
	}

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	/* we should have at least one value at this point */
	assert( i > 0 );

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	keys = slap_sl_malloc( sizeof( struct berval ) * (i+1), ctx );
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	slen = syntax->ssyn_oidlen;
	mlen = mr->smr_oidlen;
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	hashPreset( &HASHcontext, prefix, 0, syntax, mr);
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	for( i=0; !BER_BVISNULL( &values[i] ); i++ ) {
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		hashIter( &HASHcontext, HASHdigest,
			(unsigned char *)values[i].bv_val, values[i].bv_len );
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		ber_dupbv_x( &keys[i], &digest, ctx );
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	}

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	BER_BVZERO( &keys[i] );
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	*keysp = keys;

	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

/* Index generation function */
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int octetStringFilter(
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	slap_mask_t use,
	slap_mask_t flags,
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	Syntax *syntax,
	MatchingRule *mr,
	struct berval *prefix,
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	void * assertedValue,
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	BerVarray *keysp,
	void *ctx )
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{
	size_t slen, mlen;
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	BerVarray keys;
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	HASH_CONTEXT HASHcontext;
	unsigned char HASHdigest[HASH_BYTES];
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	struct berval *value = (struct berval *) assertedValue;
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	struct berval digest;
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	digest.bv_val = (char *)HASHdigest;
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	digest.bv_len = sizeof(HASHdigest);
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	slen = syntax->ssyn_oidlen;
	mlen = mr->smr_oidlen;
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	keys = slap_sl_malloc( sizeof( struct berval ) * 2, ctx );
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	hashPreset( &HASHcontext, prefix, 0, syntax, mr );
	hashIter( &HASHcontext, HASHdigest,
		(unsigned char *)value->bv_val, value->bv_len );
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	ber_dupbv_x( keys, &digest, ctx );
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	BER_BVZERO( &keys[1] );
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	*keysp = keys;

	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}
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static int
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octetStringSubstringsMatch(
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	int *matchp,
	slap_mask_t flags,
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	Syntax *syntax,
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	MatchingRule *mr,
	struct berval *value,
	void *assertedValue )
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{
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	int match = 0;
	SubstringsAssertion *sub = assertedValue;
	struct berval left = *value;
	int i;
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	ber_len_t inlen = 0;
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	/* Add up asserted input length */
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	if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &sub->sa_initial ) ) {
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		inlen += sub->sa_initial.bv_len;
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	}
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	if ( sub->sa_any ) {
		for ( i = 0; !BER_BVISNULL( &sub->sa_any[i] ); i++ ) {
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			inlen += sub->sa_any[i].bv_len;
		}
	}
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	if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &sub->sa_final ) ) {
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		inlen += sub->sa_final.bv_len;
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	}

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	if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &sub->sa_initial ) ) {
		if ( inlen > left.bv_len ) {
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			match = 1;
			goto done;
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		}

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		match = memcmp( sub->sa_initial.bv_val, left.bv_val,
			sub->sa_initial.bv_len );
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		if ( match != 0 ) {
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			goto done;
		}
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		left.bv_val += sub->sa_initial.bv_len;
		left.bv_len -= sub->sa_initial.bv_len;
		inlen -= sub->sa_initial.bv_len;
	}
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	if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &sub->sa_final ) ) {
		if ( inlen > left.bv_len ) {
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			match = 1;
			goto done;
		}
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		match = memcmp( sub->sa_final.bv_val,
			&left.bv_val[left.bv_len - sub->sa_final.bv_len],
			sub->sa_final.bv_len );
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		if ( match != 0 ) {
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			goto done;
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		}

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		left.bv_len -= sub->sa_final.bv_len;
		inlen -= sub->sa_final.bv_len;
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	}

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	if ( sub->sa_any ) {
		for ( i = 0; !BER_BVISNULL( &sub->sa_any[i] ); i++ ) {
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			ber_len_t idx;
			char *p;
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retry:
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			if ( inlen > left.bv_len ) {
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				/* not enough length */
				match = 1;
				goto done;
			}
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			if ( BER_BVISEMPTY( &sub->sa_any[i] ) ) {
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				continue;
			}
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			p = memchr( left.bv_val, *sub->sa_any[i].bv_val, left.bv_len );
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			if( p == NULL ) {
				match = 1;
				goto done;
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			}

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			idx = p - left.bv_val;
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			if ( idx >= left.bv_len ) {
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				/* this shouldn't happen */
				return LDAP_OTHER;
			}
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			left.bv_val = p;
			left.bv_len -= idx;
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			if ( sub->sa_any[i].bv_len > left.bv_len ) {
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				/* not enough left */
				match = 1;
				goto done;
			}
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			match = memcmp( left.bv_val,
				sub->sa_any[i].bv_val,
				sub->sa_any[i].bv_len );
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			if ( match != 0 ) {
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				left.bv_val++;
				left.bv_len--;
				goto retry;
			}
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			left.bv_val += sub->sa_any[i].bv_len;
			left.bv_len -= sub->sa_any[i].bv_len;
			inlen -= sub->sa_any[i].bv_len;
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		}
	}

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done:
	*matchp = match;
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	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

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/* Substrings Index generation function */
static int
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octetStringSubstringsIndexer(
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	slap_mask_t use,
	slap_mask_t flags,
	Syntax *syntax,
	MatchingRule *mr,
	struct berval *prefix,
	BerVarray values,
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	BerVarray *keysp,
	void *ctx )
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{
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	ber_len_t i, nkeys;
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	size_t slen, mlen;
	BerVarray keys;

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	HASH_CONTEXT HCany, HCini, HCfin;
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	unsigned char HASHdigest[HASH_BYTES];
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	struct berval digest;
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	digest.bv_val = (char *)HASHdigest;
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	digest.bv_len = sizeof(HASHdigest);

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	nkeys = 0;
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	for ( i = 0; !BER_BVISNULL( &values[i] ); i++ ) {
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		/* count number of indices to generate */
		if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_INITIAL ) {
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			if( values[i].bv_len >= index_substr_if_maxlen ) {
				nkeys += index_substr_if_maxlen -
					(index_substr_if_minlen - 1);
			} else if( values[i].bv_len >= index_substr_if_minlen ) {
				nkeys += values[i].bv_len - (index_substr_if_minlen - 1);
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			}
		}

		if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY ) {
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			if( values[i].bv_len >= index_substr_any_len ) {
				nkeys += values[i].bv_len - (index_substr_any_len - 1);
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			}
		}

		if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_FINAL ) {
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			if( values[i].bv_len >= index_substr_if_maxlen ) {
				nkeys += index_substr_if_maxlen -
					(index_substr_if_minlen - 1);
			} else if( values[i].bv_len >= index_substr_if_minlen ) {
				nkeys += values[i].bv_len - (index_substr_if_minlen - 1);
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			}
		}
	}

	if( nkeys == 0 ) {
		/* no keys to generate */
		*keysp = NULL;
		return LDAP_SUCCESS;
	}

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	keys = slap_sl_malloc( sizeof( struct berval ) * (nkeys+1), ctx );
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	slen = syntax->ssyn_oidlen;
	mlen = mr->smr_oidlen;

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	if ( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY )
		hashPreset( &HCany, prefix, SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_PREFIX, syntax, mr );
	if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_INITIAL )
		hashPreset( &HCini, prefix, SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_INITIAL_PREFIX, syntax, mr );
	if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_FINAL )
		hashPreset( &HCfin, prefix, SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_FINAL_PREFIX, syntax, mr );

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	nkeys = 0;
	for ( i = 0; !BER_BVISNULL( &values[i] ); i++ ) {
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		ber_len_t j,max;

		if( ( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY ) &&
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			( values[i].bv_len >= index_substr_any_len ) )
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		{
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			max = values[i].bv_len - (index_substr_any_len - 1);
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			for( j=0; j<max; j++ ) {
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				hashIter( &HCany, HASHdigest,
					(unsigned char *)&values[i].bv_val[j],
					index_substr_any_len );
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				ber_dupbv_x( &keys[nkeys++], &digest, ctx );
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			}
		}

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		/* skip if too short */ 
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		if( values[i].bv_len < index_substr_if_minlen ) continue;
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		max = index_substr_if_maxlen < values[i].bv_len
			? index_substr_if_maxlen : values[i].bv_len;
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		for( j=index_substr_if_minlen; j<=max; j++ ) {
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			if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_INITIAL ) {
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				hashIter( &HCini, HASHdigest,
					(unsigned char *)values[i].bv_val, j );
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				ber_dupbv_x( &keys[nkeys++], &digest, ctx );
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			}

			if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_FINAL ) {
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				hashIter( &HCfin, HASHdigest,
					(unsigned char *)&values[i].bv_val[values[i].bv_len-j], j );
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				ber_dupbv_x( &keys[nkeys++], &digest, ctx );
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			}

		}
	}

	if( nkeys > 0 ) {
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		BER_BVZERO( &keys[nkeys] );
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		*keysp = keys;
	} else {
		ch_free( keys );
		*keysp = NULL;
	}

	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

static int
octetStringSubstringsFilter (
	slap_mask_t use,
	slap_mask_t flags,
	Syntax *syntax,
	MatchingRule *mr,
	struct berval *prefix,
	void * assertedValue,
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	BerVarray *keysp,
	void *ctx)
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{
	SubstringsAssertion *sa;
	char pre;
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	ber_len_t nkeys = 0;
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	size_t slen, mlen, klen;
	BerVarray keys;
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	HASH_CONTEXT HASHcontext;
	unsigned char HASHdigest[HASH_BYTES];
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	struct berval *value;
	struct berval digest;

	sa = (SubstringsAssertion *) assertedValue;

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	if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_INITIAL &&
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		!BER_BVISNULL( &sa->sa_initial ) &&
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		sa->sa_initial.bv_len >= index_substr_if_minlen )
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	{
		nkeys++;
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		if ( sa->sa_initial.bv_len > index_substr_if_maxlen &&
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			( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY ))
		{
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			nkeys += 1 + (sa->sa_initial.bv_len - index_substr_if_maxlen) / index_substr_any_step;
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		}
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	}

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	if ( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY && sa->sa_any != NULL ) {
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		ber_len_t i;
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		for( i=0; !BER_BVISNULL( &sa->sa_any[i] ); i++ ) {
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			if( sa->sa_any[i].bv_len >= index_substr_any_len ) {
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				/* don't bother accounting with stepping */
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				nkeys += sa->sa_any[i].bv_len -
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					( index_substr_any_len - 1 );
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			}
		}
	}

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	if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_FINAL &&
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		!BER_BVISNULL( &sa->sa_final ) &&
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		sa->sa_final.bv_len >= index_substr_if_minlen )
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	{
		nkeys++;
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		if ( sa->sa_final.bv_len > index_substr_if_maxlen &&
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			( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY ))
		{
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			nkeys += 1 + (sa->sa_final.bv_len - index_substr_if_maxlen) / index_substr_any_step;
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		}
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	}

	if( nkeys == 0 ) {
		*keysp = NULL;
		return LDAP_SUCCESS;
	}

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	digest.bv_val = (char *)HASHdigest;
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	digest.bv_len = sizeof(HASHdigest);

	slen = syntax->ssyn_oidlen;
	mlen = mr->smr_oidlen;

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	keys = slap_sl_malloc( sizeof( struct berval ) * (nkeys+1), ctx );
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	nkeys = 0;

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	if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_INITIAL &&
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		!BER_BVISNULL( &sa->sa_initial ) &&
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		sa->sa_initial.bv_len >= index_substr_if_minlen )
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	{
		pre = SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_INITIAL_PREFIX;
		value = &sa->sa_initial;

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		klen = index_substr_if_maxlen < value->bv_len
			? index_substr_if_maxlen : value->bv_len;
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		hashPreset( &HASHcontext, prefix, pre, syntax, mr );
		hashIter( &HASHcontext, HASHdigest,
			(unsigned char *)value->bv_val, klen );
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		ber_dupbv_x( &keys[nkeys++], &digest, ctx );
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		/* If initial is too long and we have subany indexed, use it
		 * to match the excess...
		 */
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		if (value->bv_len > index_substr_if_maxlen && (flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY))
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		{
			ber_len_t j;
			pre = SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_PREFIX;
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			hashPreset( &HASHcontext, prefix, pre, syntax, mr);
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			for ( j=index_substr_if_maxlen-1; j <= value->bv_len - index_substr_any_len; j+=index_substr_any_step )
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			{
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				hashIter( &HASHcontext, HASHdigest,
					(unsigned char *)&value->bv_val[j], index_substr_any_len );
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				ber_dupbv_x( &keys[nkeys++], &digest, ctx );
			}
		}
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	}

	if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY && sa->sa_any != NULL ) {
		ber_len_t i, j;
		pre = SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_PREFIX;
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		klen = index_substr_any_len;
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		for( i=0; !BER_BVISNULL( &sa->sa_any[i] ); i++ ) {
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			if( sa->sa_any[i].bv_len < index_substr_any_len ) {
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				continue;
			}

			value = &sa->sa_any[i];

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			hashPreset( &HASHcontext, prefix, pre, syntax, mr);
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			for(j=0;
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				j <= value->bv_len - index_substr_any_len;
				j += index_substr_any_step )
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			{
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				hashIter( &HASHcontext, HASHdigest,
					(unsigned char *)&value->bv_val[j], klen ); 
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				ber_dupbv_x( &keys[nkeys++], &digest, ctx );
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			}
		}
	}

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	if( flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_FINAL &&
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		!BER_BVISNULL( &sa->sa_final ) &&
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		sa->sa_final.bv_len >= index_substr_if_minlen )
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	{
		pre = SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_FINAL_PREFIX;
		value = &sa->sa_final;

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		klen = index_substr_if_maxlen < value->bv_len
			? index_substr_if_maxlen : value->bv_len;
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		hashPreset( &HASHcontext, prefix, pre, syntax, mr );
		hashIter( &HASHcontext, HASHdigest,
			(unsigned char *)&value->bv_val[value->bv_len-klen], klen );
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		ber_dupbv_x( &keys[nkeys++], &digest, ctx );
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		/* If final is too long and we have subany indexed, use it
		 * to match the excess...
		 */
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		if (value->bv_len > index_substr_if_maxlen && (flags & SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_ANY))
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		{
			ber_len_t j;
			pre = SLAP_INDEX_SUBSTR_PREFIX;
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			hashPreset( &HASHcontext, prefix, pre, syntax, mr);
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			for ( j=0; j <= value->bv_len - index_substr_if_maxlen; j+=index_substr_any_step )
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			{
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				hashIter( &HASHcontext, HASHdigest,
					(unsigned char *)&value->bv_val[j], index_substr_any_len );
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				ber_dupbv_x( &keys[nkeys++], &digest, ctx );
			}
		}
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	}

	if( nkeys > 0 ) {
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		BER_BVZERO( &keys[nkeys] );
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		*keysp = keys;
	} else {
		ch_free( keys );
		*keysp = NULL;
	}

	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

static int
bitStringValidate(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *in )
{
	ber_len_t i;

	/* very unforgiving validation, requires no normalization
	 * before simplistic matching
	 */
	if( in->bv_len < 3 ) {
		return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	}

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	/* RFC 4517 Section 3.3.2 Bit String:
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	 *	BitString    = SQUOTE *binary-digit SQUOTE "B"
	 *	binary-digit = "0" / "1"
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	 *
	 * where SQUOTE [RFC4512] is
	 *	SQUOTE  = %x27 ; single quote ("'")
	 *
	 * Example: '0101111101'B
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	 */
	
	if( in->bv_val[0] != '\'' ||
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		in->bv_val[in->bv_len - 2] != '\'' ||
		in->bv_val[in->bv_len - 1] != 'B' )
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	{
		return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
	}

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	for( i = in->bv_len - 3; i > 0; i-- ) {
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		if( in->bv_val[i] != '0' && in->bv_val[i] != '1' ) {
			return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;
		}
	}

	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

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/*
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 * Syntaxes from RFC 4517
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 *

3.3.2.  Bit String

   A value of the Bit String syntax is a sequence of binary digits.  The
   LDAP-specific encoding of a value of this syntax is defined by the
   following ABNF:

      BitString    = SQUOTE *binary-digit SQUOTE "B"

      binary-digit = "0" / "1"

   The <SQUOTE> rule is defined in [MODELS].

      Example:
         '0101111101'B

   The LDAP definition for the Bit String syntax is:

      ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.6 DESC 'Bit String' )

   This syntax corresponds to the BIT STRING ASN.1 type from [ASN.1].

   ...

3.3.21.  Name and Optional UID

   A value of the Name and Optional UID syntax is the distinguished name
   [MODELS] of an entity optionally accompanied by a unique identifier
   that serves to differentiate the entity from others with an identical
   distinguished name.

   The LDAP-specific encoding of a value of this syntax is defined by
   the following ABNF:

       NameAndOptionalUID = distinguishedName [ SHARP BitString ]

   The <BitString> rule is defined in Section 3.3.2.  The
   <distinguishedName> rule is defined in [LDAPDN].  The <SHARP> rule is
   defined in [MODELS].

   Note that although the '#' character may occur in the string
   representation of a distinguished name, no additional escaping of
   this character is performed when a <distinguishedName> is encoded in
   a <NameAndOptionalUID>.

      Example:
         1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.0=#04024869,O=Test,C=GB#'0101'B

   The LDAP definition for the Name and Optional UID syntax is:

      ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.34 DESC 'Name And Optional UID' )

   This syntax corresponds to the NameAndOptionalUID ASN.1 type from
   [X.520].

 *
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 * RFC 4512 says:
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 *

1.4. Common ABNF Productions

  ...
      SHARP   = %x23 ; octothorpe (or sharp sign) ("#")
  ...
      SQUOTE  = %x27 ; single quote ("'")
  ...
      
 *
 * Note: normalization strips any leading "0"s, unless the
 * bit string is exactly "'0'B", so the normalized example,
 * in slapd, would result in
 * 
 * 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.0=#04024869,o=test,c=gb#'101'B
 * 
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 * RFC 4514 clarifies that SHARP, i.e. "#", doesn't have to
 * be escaped except when at the beginning of a value, the
 * definition of Name and Optional UID appears to be flawed,
 * because there is no clear means to determine whether the
 * UID part is present or not.
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 *
 * Example:
 *
 * 	cn=Someone,dc=example,dc=com#'1'B
 *
 * could be either a NameAndOptionalUID with trailing UID, i.e.
 *
 * 	DN = "cn=Someone,dc=example,dc=com"
 * 	UID = "'1'B"
 * 
 * or a NameAndOptionalUID with no trailing UID, and the AVA
 * in the last RDN made of
 *
 * 	attributeType = dc 
 * 	attributeValue = com#'1'B
 *
 * in fact "com#'1'B" is a valid IA5 string.
 *
 * As a consequence, current slapd code assumes that the
 * presence of portions of a BitString at the end of the string 
 * representation of a NameAndOptionalUID means a BitString
 * is expected, and cause an error otherwise.  This is quite
 * arbitrary, and might change in the future.
 */


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static int
nameUIDValidate(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *in )
{
	int rc;
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	struct berval dn, uid;
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	if( BER_BVISEMPTY( in ) ) return LDAP_SUCCESS;
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	ber_dupbv( &dn, in );
	if( !dn.bv_val ) return LDAP_OTHER;

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	/* if there's a "#", try bitStringValidate()... */
	uid.bv_val = strrchr( dn.bv_val, '#' );
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	if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &uid ) ) {
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		uid.bv_val++;
		uid.bv_len = dn.bv_len - ( uid.bv_val - dn.bv_val );

		rc = bitStringValidate( NULL, &uid );
		if ( rc == LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
			/* in case of success, trim the UID,
			 * otherwise treat it as part of the DN */
			dn.bv_len -= uid.bv_len + 1;
			uid.bv_val[-1] = '\0';
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		}
	}

	rc = dnValidate( NULL, &dn );

	ber_memfree( dn.bv_val );
	return rc;
}

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int
nameUIDPretty(
	Syntax *syntax,
	struct berval *val,
	struct berval *out,
	void *ctx )
{
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	assert( val != NULL );
	assert( out != NULL );
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	Debug( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE, ">>> nameUIDPretty: <%s>\n", val->bv_val, 0, 0 );

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	if( BER_BVISEMPTY( val ) ) {
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		ber_dupbv_x( out, val, ctx );

	} else if ( val->bv_len > SLAP_LDAPDN_MAXLEN ) {
		return LDAP_INVALID_SYNTAX;

	} else {
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		int		rc;
		struct berval	dnval = *val;
		struct berval	uidval = BER_BVNULL;
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		uidval.bv_val = strrchr( val->bv_val, '#' );
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		if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &uidval ) ) {
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			uidval.bv_val++;
			uidval.bv_len = val->bv_len - ( uidval.bv_val - val->bv_val );
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			rc = bitStringValidate( NULL, &uidval );
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			if ( rc == LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
				ber_dupbv_x( &dnval, val, ctx );
				dnval.bv_len -= uidval.bv_len + 1;
				dnval.bv_val[dnval.bv_len] = '\0';
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			} else {
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				BER_BVZERO( &uidval );
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			}
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		}

		rc = dnPretty( syntax, &dnval, out, ctx );
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		if ( dnval.bv_val != val->bv_val ) {
			slap_sl_free( dnval.bv_val, ctx );
		}
		if( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
			return rc;
		}
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		if( !BER_BVISNULL( &uidval ) ) {
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			int	i, c, got1;
			char	*tmp;

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			tmp = slap_sl_realloc( out->bv_val, out->bv_len 
				+ STRLENOF( "#" ) + uidval.bv_len + 1,
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				ctx );
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			if( tmp == NULL ) {
				ber_memfree_x( out->bv_val, ctx );
				return LDAP_OTHER;
			}
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			out->bv_val = tmp;
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			out->bv_val[out->bv_len++] = '#';
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			out->bv_val[out->bv_len++] = '\'';
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			got1 = uidval.bv_len < sizeof("'0'B"); 
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			for( i = 1; i < uidval.bv_len - 2; i++ ) {
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				c = uidval.bv_val[i];
				switch(c) {
					case '0':
						if( got1 ) out->bv_val[out->bv_len++] = c;
						break;
					case '1':
						got1 = 1;
						out->bv_val[out->bv_len++] = c;
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						break;
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				}
			}

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			out->bv_val[out->bv_len++] = '\'';
			out->bv_val[out->bv_len++] = 'B';
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			out->bv_val[out->bv_len] = '\0';
		}
	}

	Debug( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE, "<<< nameUIDPretty: <%s>\n", out->bv_val, 0, 0 );

	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

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static int
uniqueMemberNormalize(
	slap_mask_t usage,
	Syntax *syntax,
	MatchingRule *mr,
	struct berval *val,
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	struct berval *normalized,
	void *ctx )
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{
	struct berval out;
	int rc;

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	assert( SLAP_MR_IS_VALUE_OF_SYNTAX( usage ) != 0 );
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	ber_dupbv_x( &out, val, ctx );
	if ( BER_BVISEMPTY( &out ) ) {
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		*normalized = out;

	} else {
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		struct berval uid = BER_BVNULL;
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		uid.bv_val = strrchr( out.bv_val, '#' );
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		if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &uid ) ) {
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			uid.bv_val++;
			uid.bv_len = out.bv_len - ( uid.bv_val - out.bv_val );

			rc = bitStringValidate( NULL, &uid );
			if ( rc == LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
				uid.bv_val[-1] = '\0';
				out.bv_len -= uid.bv_len + 1;
			} else {
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				BER_BVZERO( &uid );
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			}
		}

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		rc = dnNormalize( 0, NULL, NULL, &out, normalized, ctx );
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		if( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {