tls2.c 39.1 KB
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/* tls.c - Handle tls/ssl. */
/* $OpenLDAP$ */
/* This work is part of OpenLDAP Software <http://www.openldap.org/>.
 *
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 * Copyright 1998-2020 The OpenLDAP Foundation.
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 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted only as authorized by the OpenLDAP
 * Public License.
 *
 * A copy of this license is available in the file LICENSE in the
 * top-level directory of the distribution or, alternatively, at
 * <http://www.OpenLDAP.org/license.html>.
 */
/* ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: restructured by Howard Chu.
 */

#include "portable.h"
#include "ldap_config.h"

#include <stdio.h>

#include <ac/stdlib.h>
#include <ac/errno.h>
#include <ac/socket.h>
#include <ac/string.h>
#include <ac/ctype.h>
#include <ac/time.h>
#include <ac/unistd.h>
#include <ac/param.h>
#include <ac/dirent.h>

#include "ldap-int.h"

#ifdef HAVE_TLS

#include "ldap-tls.h"

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static tls_impl *tls_imp = &ldap_int_tls_impl;
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#define HAS_TLS( sb )	ber_sockbuf_ctrl( sb, LBER_SB_OPT_HAS_IO, \
				(void *)tls_imp->ti_sbio )
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#endif /* HAVE_TLS */

/* RFC2459 minimum required set of supported attribute types
 * in a certificate DN
 */
typedef struct oid_name {
	struct berval oid;
	struct berval name;
} oid_name;

static oid_name oids[] = {
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.3"), BER_BVC("cn") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.4"), BER_BVC("sn") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.6"), BER_BVC("c") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.7"), BER_BVC("l") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.8"), BER_BVC("st") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.10"), BER_BVC("o") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.11"), BER_BVC("ou") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.12"), BER_BVC("title") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.41"), BER_BVC("name") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.42"), BER_BVC("givenName") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.43"), BER_BVC("initials") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.44"), BER_BVC("generationQualifier") },
	{ BER_BVC("2.5.4.46"), BER_BVC("dnQualifier") },
	{ BER_BVC("1.2.840.113549.1.9.1"), BER_BVC("email") },
	{ BER_BVC("0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.25"), BER_BVC("dc") },
	{ BER_BVNULL, BER_BVNULL }
};

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#ifdef HAVE_TLS

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LDAP_F(int) ldap_pvt_tls_check_hostname LDAP_P(( LDAP *ld, void *s, const char *name_in ));
LDAP_F(int) ldap_pvt_tls_get_peercert LDAP_P(( void *s, struct berval *der ));

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void
ldap_pvt_tls_ctx_free ( void *c )
{
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	if ( !c ) return;
	tls_imp->ti_ctx_free( c );
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}

static void
tls_ctx_ref( tls_ctx *ctx )
{
	if ( !ctx ) return;

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	tls_imp->ti_ctx_ref( ctx );
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}

#ifdef LDAP_R_COMPILE
/*
 * an extra mutex for the default ctx.
 */
static ldap_pvt_thread_mutex_t tls_def_ctx_mutex;
#endif

void
ldap_int_tls_destroy( struct ldapoptions *lo )
{
	if ( lo->ldo_tls_ctx ) {
		ldap_pvt_tls_ctx_free( lo->ldo_tls_ctx );
		lo->ldo_tls_ctx = NULL;
	}

	if ( lo->ldo_tls_certfile ) {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_certfile );
		lo->ldo_tls_certfile = NULL;
	}
	if ( lo->ldo_tls_keyfile ) {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_keyfile );
		lo->ldo_tls_keyfile = NULL;
	}
	if ( lo->ldo_tls_dhfile ) {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_dhfile );
		lo->ldo_tls_dhfile = NULL;
	}
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	if ( lo->ldo_tls_ecname ) {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_ecname );
		lo->ldo_tls_ecname = NULL;
	}
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	if ( lo->ldo_tls_cacertfile ) {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_cacertfile );
		lo->ldo_tls_cacertfile = NULL;
	}
	if ( lo->ldo_tls_cacertdir ) {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_cacertdir );
		lo->ldo_tls_cacertdir = NULL;
	}
	if ( lo->ldo_tls_ciphersuite ) {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_ciphersuite );
		lo->ldo_tls_ciphersuite = NULL;
	}
	if ( lo->ldo_tls_crlfile ) {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_crlfile );
		lo->ldo_tls_crlfile = NULL;
	}
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	/* tls_pin_hashalg and tls_pin share the same buffer */
	if ( lo->ldo_tls_pin_hashalg ) {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_pin_hashalg );
		lo->ldo_tls_pin_hashalg = NULL;
	} else {
		LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_pin.bv_val );
	}
	BER_BVZERO( &lo->ldo_tls_pin );
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}

/*
 * Tear down the TLS subsystem. Should only be called once.
 */
void
ldap_pvt_tls_destroy( void )
{
	struct ldapoptions *lo = LDAP_INT_GLOBAL_OPT();   

	ldap_int_tls_destroy( lo );

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	tls_imp->ti_tls_destroy();
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}

/*
 * Initialize a particular TLS implementation.
 * Called once per implementation.
 */
static int
tls_init(tls_impl *impl )
{
	static int tls_initialized = 0;

	if ( !tls_initialized++ ) {
#ifdef LDAP_R_COMPILE
		ldap_pvt_thread_mutex_init( &tls_def_ctx_mutex );
#endif
	}

	if ( impl->ti_inited++ ) return 0;

#ifdef LDAP_R_COMPILE
	impl->ti_thr_init();
#endif
	return impl->ti_tls_init();
}

/*
 * Initialize TLS subsystem. Called once per implementation.
 */
int
ldap_pvt_tls_init( void )
{
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	return tls_init( tls_imp );
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}

/*
 * initialize a new TLS context
 */
static int
ldap_int_tls_init_ctx( struct ldapoptions *lo, int is_server )
{
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	int rc = 0;
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	tls_impl *ti = tls_imp;
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	struct ldaptls lts = lo->ldo_tls_info;

	if ( lo->ldo_tls_ctx )
		return 0;

	tls_init( ti );

	if ( is_server && !lts.lt_certfile && !lts.lt_keyfile &&
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		!lts.lt_cacertfile && !lts.lt_cacertdir &&
		!lts.lt_cacert.bv_val && !lts.lt_cert.bv_val &&
		!lts.lt_key.bv_val ) {
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		/* minimum configuration not provided */
		return LDAP_NOT_SUPPORTED;
	}

#ifdef HAVE_EBCDIC
	/* This ASCII/EBCDIC handling is a real pain! */
	if ( lts.lt_ciphersuite ) {
		lts.lt_ciphersuite = LDAP_STRDUP( lts.lt_ciphersuite );
		__atoe( lts.lt_ciphersuite );
	}
	if ( lts.lt_cacertfile ) {
		lts.lt_cacertfile = LDAP_STRDUP( lts.lt_cacertfile );
		__atoe( lts.lt_cacertfile );
	}
	if ( lts.lt_certfile ) {
		lts.lt_certfile = LDAP_STRDUP( lts.lt_certfile );
		__atoe( lts.lt_certfile );
	}
	if ( lts.lt_keyfile ) {
		lts.lt_keyfile = LDAP_STRDUP( lts.lt_keyfile );
		__atoe( lts.lt_keyfile );
	}
	if ( lts.lt_crlfile ) {
		lts.lt_crlfile = LDAP_STRDUP( lts.lt_crlfile );
		__atoe( lts.lt_crlfile );
	}
	if ( lts.lt_cacertdir ) {
		lts.lt_cacertdir = LDAP_STRDUP( lts.lt_cacertdir );
		__atoe( lts.lt_cacertdir );
	}
	if ( lts.lt_dhfile ) {
		lts.lt_dhfile = LDAP_STRDUP( lts.lt_dhfile );
		__atoe( lts.lt_dhfile );
	}
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	if ( lts.lt_ecname ) {
		lts.lt_ecname = LDAP_STRDUP( lts.lt_ecname );
		__atoe( lts.lt_ecname );
	}
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#endif
	lo->ldo_tls_ctx = ti->ti_ctx_new( lo );
	if ( lo->ldo_tls_ctx == NULL ) {
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		Debug0( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY,
		   "TLS: could not allocate default ctx.\n" );
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		rc = -1;
		goto error_exit;
	}

	rc = ti->ti_ctx_init( lo, &lts, is_server );

error_exit:
	if ( rc < 0 && lo->ldo_tls_ctx != NULL ) {
		ldap_pvt_tls_ctx_free( lo->ldo_tls_ctx );
		lo->ldo_tls_ctx = NULL;
	}
#ifdef HAVE_EBCDIC
	LDAP_FREE( lts.lt_ciphersuite );
	LDAP_FREE( lts.lt_cacertfile );
	LDAP_FREE( lts.lt_certfile );
	LDAP_FREE( lts.lt_keyfile );
	LDAP_FREE( lts.lt_crlfile );
	LDAP_FREE( lts.lt_cacertdir );
	LDAP_FREE( lts.lt_dhfile );
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	LDAP_FREE( lts.lt_ecname );
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#endif
	return rc;
}

/*
 * initialize the default context
 */
int
ldap_pvt_tls_init_def_ctx( int is_server )
{
	struct ldapoptions *lo = LDAP_INT_GLOBAL_OPT();   
	int rc;
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	LDAP_MUTEX_LOCK( &tls_def_ctx_mutex );
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	rc = ldap_int_tls_init_ctx( lo, is_server );
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	LDAP_MUTEX_UNLOCK( &tls_def_ctx_mutex );
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	return rc;
}

static tls_session *
alloc_handle( void *ctx_arg, int is_server )
{
	tls_ctx	*ctx;
	tls_session	*ssl;

	if ( ctx_arg ) {
		ctx = ctx_arg;
	} else {
		struct ldapoptions *lo = LDAP_INT_GLOBAL_OPT();   
		if ( ldap_pvt_tls_init_def_ctx( is_server ) < 0 ) return NULL;
		ctx = lo->ldo_tls_ctx;
	}

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	ssl = tls_imp->ti_session_new( ctx, is_server );
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	if ( ssl == NULL ) {
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		Debug0( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY,"TLS: can't create ssl handle.\n" );
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		return NULL;
	}
	return ssl;
}

static int
update_flags( Sockbuf *sb, tls_session * ssl, int rc )
{
	sb->sb_trans_needs_read  = 0;
	sb->sb_trans_needs_write = 0;

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	return tls_imp->ti_session_upflags( sb, ssl, rc );
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}

/*
 * Call this to do a TLS connect on a sockbuf. ctx_arg can be
 * a SSL_CTX * or NULL, in which case the default ctx is used.
 *
 * Return value:
 *
 *  0 - Success. Connection is ready for communication.
 * <0 - Error. Can't create a TLS stream.
 * >0 - Partial success.
 *	  Do a select (using information from lber_pvt_sb_needs_{read,write}
 *		and call again.
 */

static int
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ldap_int_tls_connect( LDAP *ld, LDAPConn *conn, const char *host )
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{
	Sockbuf *sb = conn->lconn_sb;
	int	err;
	tls_session	*ssl = NULL;
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	char *sni = (char *)host;
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	if ( HAS_TLS( sb )) {
		ber_sockbuf_ctrl( sb, LBER_SB_OPT_GET_SSL, (void *)&ssl );
	} else {
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		struct ldapoptions *lo;
		tls_ctx *ctx;

		ctx = ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_ctx;

		ssl = alloc_handle( ctx, 0 );

		if ( ssl == NULL ) return -1;

#ifdef LDAP_DEBUG
		ber_sockbuf_add_io( sb, &ber_sockbuf_io_debug,
			LBER_SBIOD_LEVEL_TRANSPORT, (void *)"tls_" );
#endif
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		ber_sockbuf_add_io( sb, tls_imp->ti_sbio,
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			LBER_SBIOD_LEVEL_TRANSPORT, (void *)ssl );

		lo = LDAP_INT_GLOBAL_OPT();   
		if( ctx == NULL ) {
			ctx = lo->ldo_tls_ctx;
			ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_ctx = ctx;
			tls_ctx_ref( ctx );
		}
		if ( ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_connect_cb )
			ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_connect_cb( ld, ssl, ctx,
			ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_connect_arg );
		if ( lo && lo->ldo_tls_connect_cb && lo->ldo_tls_connect_cb !=
			ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_connect_cb )
			lo->ldo_tls_connect_cb( ld, ssl, ctx, lo->ldo_tls_connect_arg );
	}

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	/* pass hostname for SNI, but only if it's an actual name
	 * and not a numeric address
	 */
	{
		int numeric = 1;
		char *c;
		for ( c = sni; *c; c++ ) {
			if ( *c == ':' )	/* IPv6 address */
				break;
			if ( *c == '.' )
				continue;
			if ( !isdigit( *c )) {
				numeric = 0;
				break;
			}
		}
		if ( numeric )
			sni = NULL;
	}
	err = tls_imp->ti_session_connect( ld, ssl, sni );
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#ifdef HAVE_WINSOCK
	errno = WSAGetLastError();
#endif

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	if ( err == 0 ) {
		err = ldap_pvt_tls_check_hostname( ld, ssl, host );
	}

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	if ( err < 0 )
	{
		char buf[256], *msg;
		if ( update_flags( sb, ssl, err )) {
			return 1;
		}

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		msg = tls_imp->ti_session_errmsg( ssl, err, buf, sizeof(buf) );
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		if ( msg ) {
			if ( ld->ld_error ) {
				LDAP_FREE( ld->ld_error );
			}
			ld->ld_error = LDAP_STRDUP( msg );
#ifdef HAVE_EBCDIC
			if ( ld->ld_error ) __etoa(ld->ld_error);
#endif
		}

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		Debug1( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY,"TLS: can't connect: %s.\n",
			ld->ld_error ? ld->ld_error : "" );
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		ber_sockbuf_remove_io( sb, tls_imp->ti_sbio,
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			LBER_SBIOD_LEVEL_TRANSPORT );
#ifdef LDAP_DEBUG
		ber_sockbuf_remove_io( sb, &ber_sockbuf_io_debug,
			LBER_SBIOD_LEVEL_TRANSPORT );
#endif
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

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int
ldap_pvt_tls_connect( LDAP *ld, Sockbuf *sb, const char *host )
{
	LDAPConn conn = { .lconn_sb = sb };
	return ldap_int_tls_connect( ld, &conn, host );
}

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/*
 * Call this to do a TLS accept on a sockbuf.
 * Everything else is the same as with tls_connect.
 */
int
ldap_pvt_tls_accept( Sockbuf *sb, void *ctx_arg )
{
	int	err;
	tls_session	*ssl = NULL;

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	if ( HAS_TLS( sb )) {
		ber_sockbuf_ctrl( sb, LBER_SB_OPT_GET_SSL, (void *)&ssl );
	} else {
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		ssl = alloc_handle( ctx_arg, 1 );
		if ( ssl == NULL ) return -1;

#ifdef LDAP_DEBUG
		ber_sockbuf_add_io( sb, &ber_sockbuf_io_debug,
			LBER_SBIOD_LEVEL_TRANSPORT, (void *)"tls_" );
#endif
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		ber_sockbuf_add_io( sb, tls_imp->ti_sbio,
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			LBER_SBIOD_LEVEL_TRANSPORT, (void *)ssl );
	}

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	err = tls_imp->ti_session_accept( ssl );
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#ifdef HAVE_WINSOCK
	errno = WSAGetLastError();
#endif

	if ( err < 0 )
	{
		if ( update_flags( sb, ssl, err )) return 1;

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		if ( DebugTest( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY ) ) {
			char buf[256], *msg;
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			msg = tls_imp->ti_session_errmsg( ssl, err, buf, sizeof(buf) );
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			Debug1( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY,"TLS: can't accept: %s.\n",
				msg ? msg : "(unknown)" );
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		}
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		ber_sockbuf_remove_io( sb, tls_imp->ti_sbio,
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			LBER_SBIOD_LEVEL_TRANSPORT );
#ifdef LDAP_DEBUG
		ber_sockbuf_remove_io( sb, &ber_sockbuf_io_debug,
			LBER_SBIOD_LEVEL_TRANSPORT );
#endif
		return -1;
	}
	return 0;
}

int
ldap_pvt_tls_inplace ( Sockbuf *sb )
{
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	return HAS_TLS( sb ) ? 1 : 0;
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}

int
ldap_tls_inplace( LDAP *ld )
{
	Sockbuf		*sb = NULL;

	if ( ld->ld_defconn && ld->ld_defconn->lconn_sb ) {
		sb = ld->ld_defconn->lconn_sb;

	} else if ( ld->ld_sb ) {
		sb = ld->ld_sb;

	} else {
		return 0;
	}

	return ldap_pvt_tls_inplace( sb );
}

int
ldap_pvt_tls_get_peer_dn( void *s, struct berval *dn,
	LDAPDN_rewrite_dummy *func, unsigned flags )
{
	tls_session *session = s;
	struct berval bvdn;
	int rc;

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	rc = tls_imp->ti_session_peer_dn( session, &bvdn );
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	if ( rc ) return rc;

	rc = ldap_X509dn2bv( &bvdn, dn, 
			    (LDAPDN_rewrite_func *)func, flags);
	return rc;
}

int
ldap_pvt_tls_check_hostname( LDAP *ld, void *s, const char *name_in )
{
	tls_session *session = s;

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	if (ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_require_cert != LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_NEVER &&
	    ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_require_cert != LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_ALLOW) {
		ld->ld_errno = tls_imp->ti_session_chkhost( ld, session, name_in );
		if (ld->ld_errno != LDAP_SUCCESS) {
			return ld->ld_errno;
		}
	}

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	/*
	 * If instructed to do pinning, do it now
	 */
	if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_pin ) ) {
		ld->ld_errno = tls_imp->ti_session_pinning( ld, s,
				ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_pin_hashalg,
				&ld->ld_options.ldo_tls_pin );
		if (ld->ld_errno != LDAP_SUCCESS) {
			return ld->ld_errno;
		}
	}

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	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
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}

int
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ldap_pvt_tls_config( LDAP *ld, int option, const char *arg )
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{
	int i;

	switch( option ) {
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTFILE:
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTDIR:
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CERTFILE:
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_KEYFILE:
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_RANDOM_FILE:
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CIPHER_SUITE:
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_DHFILE:
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_PEERKEY_HASH:
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_ECNAME:
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRLFILE:	/* GnuTLS only */
		return ldap_pvt_tls_set_option( ld, option, (void *) arg );

	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_REQUIRE_CERT:
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_REQUIRE_SAN:
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS:
		i = -1;
		if ( strcasecmp( arg, "never" ) == 0 ) {
			i = LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_NEVER ;

		} else if ( strcasecmp( arg, "demand" ) == 0 ) {
			i = LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_DEMAND ;

		} else if ( strcasecmp( arg, "allow" ) == 0 ) {
			i = LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_ALLOW ;

		} else if ( strcasecmp( arg, "try" ) == 0 ) {
			i = LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_TRY ;

		} else if ( ( strcasecmp( arg, "hard" ) == 0 ) ||
			( strcasecmp( arg, "on" ) == 0 ) ||
			( strcasecmp( arg, "yes" ) == 0) ||
			( strcasecmp( arg, "true" ) == 0 ) )
		{
			i = LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_HARD ;
		}

		if (i >= 0) {
			return ldap_pvt_tls_set_option( ld, option, &i );
		}
		return -1;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_PROTOCOL_MIN: {
		char *next;
		long l;
		l = strtol( arg, &next, 10 );
		if ( l < 0 || l > 0xff || next == arg ||
			( *next != '\0' && *next != '.' ) )
			return -1;
		i = l << 8;
		if (*next == '.') {
			arg = next + 1;
			l = strtol( arg, &next, 10 );
			if ( l < 0 || l > 0xff || next == arg || *next != '\0' )
				return -1;
			i += l;
		}
		return ldap_pvt_tls_set_option( ld, option, &i );
		}
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRLCHECK:	/* OpenSSL only */
		i = -1;
		if ( strcasecmp( arg, "none" ) == 0 ) {
			i = LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRL_NONE ;
		} else if ( strcasecmp( arg, "peer" ) == 0 ) {
			i = LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRL_PEER ;
		} else if ( strcasecmp( arg, "all" ) == 0 ) {
			i = LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRL_ALL ;
		}
		if (i >= 0) {
			return ldap_pvt_tls_set_option( ld, option, &i );
		}
		return -1;
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#endif
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	}
	return -1;
}

int
ldap_pvt_tls_get_option( LDAP *ld, int option, void *arg )
{
	struct ldapoptions *lo;

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	if( option == LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_PACKAGE ) {
		*(char **)arg = LDAP_STRDUP( tls_imp->ti_name );
		return 0;
	}

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	if( ld != NULL ) {
		assert( LDAP_VALID( ld ) );

		if( !LDAP_VALID( ld ) ) {
			return LDAP_OPT_ERROR;
		}

		lo = &ld->ld_options;

	} else {
		/* Get pointer to global option structure */
		lo = LDAP_INT_GLOBAL_OPT();   
		if ( lo == NULL ) {
			return LDAP_NO_MEMORY;
		}
	}

	switch( option ) {
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS:
		*(int *)arg = lo->ldo_tls_mode;
		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CTX:
		*(void **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_ctx;
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_ctx ) {
			tls_ctx_ref( lo->ldo_tls_ctx );
		}
		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTFILE:
		*(char **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_cacertfile ?
			LDAP_STRDUP( lo->ldo_tls_cacertfile ) : NULL;
		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTDIR:
		*(char **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_cacertdir ?
			LDAP_STRDUP( lo->ldo_tls_cacertdir ) : NULL;
		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CERTFILE:
		*(char **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_certfile ?
			LDAP_STRDUP( lo->ldo_tls_certfile ) : NULL;
		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_KEYFILE:
		*(char **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_keyfile ?
			LDAP_STRDUP( lo->ldo_tls_keyfile ) : NULL;
		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_DHFILE:
		*(char **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_dhfile ?
			LDAP_STRDUP( lo->ldo_tls_dhfile ) : NULL;
		break;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_ECNAME:
		*(char **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_ecname ?
			LDAP_STRDUP( lo->ldo_tls_ecname ) : NULL;
		break;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRLFILE:	/* GnuTLS only */
		*(char **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_crlfile ?
			LDAP_STRDUP( lo->ldo_tls_crlfile ) : NULL;
		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_REQUIRE_CERT:
		*(int *)arg = lo->ldo_tls_require_cert;
		break;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_REQUIRE_SAN:
		*(int *)arg = lo->ldo_tls_require_san;
		break;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRLCHECK:	/* OpenSSL only */
		*(int *)arg = lo->ldo_tls_crlcheck;
		break;
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#endif
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CIPHER_SUITE:
		*(char **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_ciphersuite ?
			LDAP_STRDUP( lo->ldo_tls_ciphersuite ) : NULL;
		break;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_PROTOCOL_MIN:
		*(int *)arg = lo->ldo_tls_protocol_min;
		break;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_RANDOM_FILE:
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		*(char **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_randfile ?
			LDAP_STRDUP( lo->ldo_tls_randfile ) : NULL;
		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_SSL_CTX: {
		void *retval = 0;
		if ( ld != NULL ) {
			LDAPConn *conn = ld->ld_defconn;
			if ( conn != NULL ) {
				Sockbuf *sb = conn->lconn_sb;
				retval = ldap_pvt_tls_sb_ctx( sb );
			}
		}
		*(void **)arg = retval;
		break;
	}
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CONNECT_CB:
		*(LDAP_TLS_CONNECT_CB **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_connect_cb;
		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CONNECT_ARG:
		*(void **)arg = lo->ldo_tls_connect_arg;
		break;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_VERSION: {
		void *sess = NULL;
		const char *retval = NULL;
		if ( ld != NULL ) {
			LDAPConn *conn = ld->ld_defconn;
			if ( conn != NULL ) {
				Sockbuf *sb = conn->lconn_sb;
				sess = ldap_pvt_tls_sb_ctx( sb );
				if ( sess != NULL )
					retval = ldap_pvt_tls_get_version( sess );
			}
		}
		*(char **)arg = retval ? LDAP_STRDUP( retval ) : NULL;
		break;
	}
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CIPHER: {
		void *sess = NULL;
		const char *retval = NULL;
		if ( ld != NULL ) {
			LDAPConn *conn = ld->ld_defconn;
			if ( conn != NULL ) {
				Sockbuf *sb = conn->lconn_sb;
				sess = ldap_pvt_tls_sb_ctx( sb );
				if ( sess != NULL )
					retval = ldap_pvt_tls_get_cipher( sess );
			}
		}
		*(char **)arg = retval ? LDAP_STRDUP( retval ) : NULL;
		break;
	}
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_PEERCERT: {
		void *sess = NULL;
		struct berval *bv = arg;
		bv->bv_len = 0;
		bv->bv_val = NULL;
		if ( ld != NULL ) {
			LDAPConn *conn = ld->ld_defconn;
			if ( conn != NULL ) {
				Sockbuf *sb = conn->lconn_sb;
				sess = ldap_pvt_tls_sb_ctx( sb );
				if ( sess != NULL )
					return ldap_pvt_tls_get_peercert( sess, bv );
			}
		}
		break;
	}
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERT: {
		struct berval *bv = arg;
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_cacert.bv_val ) {
			ber_dupbv( bv, &lo->ldo_tls_cacert );
		} else {
			BER_BVZERO( bv );
		}
		break;
	}
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CERT: {
		struct berval *bv = arg;
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_cert.bv_val ) {
			ber_dupbv( bv, &lo->ldo_tls_cert );
		} else {
			BER_BVZERO( bv );
		}
		break;
	}
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_KEY: {
		struct berval *bv = arg;
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_key.bv_val ) {
			ber_dupbv( bv, &lo->ldo_tls_key );
		} else {
			BER_BVZERO( bv );
		}
		break;
	}
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	default:
		return -1;
	}
	return 0;
}

int
ldap_pvt_tls_set_option( LDAP *ld, int option, void *arg )
{
	struct ldapoptions *lo;

	if( ld != NULL ) {
		assert( LDAP_VALID( ld ) );

		if( !LDAP_VALID( ld ) ) {
			return LDAP_OPT_ERROR;
		}

		lo = &ld->ld_options;

	} else {
		/* Get pointer to global option structure */
		lo = LDAP_INT_GLOBAL_OPT();   
		if ( lo == NULL ) {
			return LDAP_NO_MEMORY;
		}
	}

	switch( option ) {
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS:
		if ( !arg ) return -1;

		switch( *(int *) arg ) {
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_NEVER:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_DEMAND:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_ALLOW:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_TRY:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_HARD:
			if (lo != NULL) {
				lo->ldo_tls_mode = *(int *)arg;
			}

			return 0;
		}
		return -1;

	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CTX:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_ctx )
			ldap_pvt_tls_ctx_free( lo->ldo_tls_ctx );
		lo->ldo_tls_ctx = arg;
		tls_ctx_ref( lo->ldo_tls_ctx );
		return 0;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CONNECT_CB:
		lo->ldo_tls_connect_cb = (LDAP_TLS_CONNECT_CB *)arg;
		return 0;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CONNECT_ARG:
		lo->ldo_tls_connect_arg = arg;
		return 0;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTFILE:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_cacertfile ) LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_cacertfile );
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		lo->ldo_tls_cacertfile = (arg && *(char *)arg) ? LDAP_STRDUP( (char *) arg ) : NULL;
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		return 0;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTDIR:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_cacertdir ) LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_cacertdir );
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		lo->ldo_tls_cacertdir = (arg && *(char *)arg) ? LDAP_STRDUP( (char *) arg ) : NULL;
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		return 0;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CERTFILE:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_certfile ) LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_certfile );
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		lo->ldo_tls_certfile = (arg && *(char *)arg) ? LDAP_STRDUP( (char *) arg ) : NULL;
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		return 0;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_KEYFILE:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_keyfile ) LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_keyfile );
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		lo->ldo_tls_keyfile = (arg && *(char *)arg) ? LDAP_STRDUP( (char *) arg ) : NULL;
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		return 0;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_DHFILE:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_dhfile ) LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_dhfile );
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		lo->ldo_tls_dhfile = (arg && *(char *)arg) ? LDAP_STRDUP( (char *) arg ) : NULL;
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		return 0;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_ECNAME:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_ecname ) LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_ecname );
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		lo->ldo_tls_ecname = (arg && *(char *)arg) ? LDAP_STRDUP( (char *) arg ) : NULL;
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		return 0;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRLFILE:	/* GnuTLS only */
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_crlfile ) LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_crlfile );
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		lo->ldo_tls_crlfile = (arg && *(char *)arg) ? LDAP_STRDUP( (char *) arg ) : NULL;
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		return 0;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_REQUIRE_CERT:
		if ( !arg ) return -1;
		switch( *(int *) arg ) {
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_NEVER:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_DEMAND:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_ALLOW:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_TRY:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_HARD:
			lo->ldo_tls_require_cert = * (int *) arg;
			return 0;
		}
		return -1;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_REQUIRE_SAN:
		if ( !arg ) return -1;
		switch( *(int *) arg ) {
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_NEVER:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_DEMAND:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_ALLOW:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_TRY:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_HARD:
			lo->ldo_tls_require_san = * (int *) arg;
			return 0;
		}
		return -1;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRLCHECK:	/* OpenSSL only */
		if ( !arg ) return -1;
		switch( *(int *) arg ) {
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRL_NONE:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRL_PEER:
		case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRL_ALL:
			lo->ldo_tls_crlcheck = * (int *) arg;
			return 0;
		}
		return -1;
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#endif
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CIPHER_SUITE:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_ciphersuite ) LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_ciphersuite );
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		lo->ldo_tls_ciphersuite = (arg && *(char *)arg) ? LDAP_STRDUP( (char *) arg ) : NULL;
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		return 0;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_PROTOCOL_MIN:
		if ( !arg ) return -1;
		lo->ldo_tls_protocol_min = *(int *)arg;
		return 0;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_RANDOM_FILE:
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		if ( ld != NULL )
			return -1;
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_randfile ) LDAP_FREE (lo->ldo_tls_randfile );
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		lo->ldo_tls_randfile = (arg && *(char *)arg) ? LDAP_STRDUP( (char *) arg ) : NULL;
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		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_NEWCTX:
		if ( !arg ) return -1;
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_ctx )
			ldap_pvt_tls_ctx_free( lo->ldo_tls_ctx );
		lo->ldo_tls_ctx = NULL;
		return ldap_int_tls_init_ctx( lo, *(int *)arg );
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERT:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_cacert.bv_val )
			LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_cacert.bv_val );
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		if ( arg ) {
			lo->ldo_tls_cacert.bv_len = ((struct berval *)arg)->bv_len;
			lo->ldo_tls_cacert.bv_val = LDAP_MALLOC( lo->ldo_tls_cacert.bv_len );
			if ( !lo->ldo_tls_cacert.bv_val )
				return -1;
			AC_MEMCPY( lo->ldo_tls_cacert.bv_val, ((struct berval *)arg)->bv_val, lo->ldo_tls_cacert.bv_len );
		} else {
			BER_BVZERO( &lo->ldo_tls_cacert );
		}
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		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CERT:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_cert.bv_val )
			LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_cert.bv_val );
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		if ( arg ) {
			lo->ldo_tls_cert.bv_len = ((struct berval *)arg)->bv_len;
			lo->ldo_tls_cert.bv_val = LDAP_MALLOC( lo->ldo_tls_cert.bv_len );
			if ( !lo->ldo_tls_cert.bv_val )
				return -1;
			AC_MEMCPY( lo->ldo_tls_cert.bv_val, ((struct berval *)arg)->bv_val, lo->ldo_tls_cert.bv_len );
		} else {
			BER_BVZERO( &lo->ldo_tls_cert );
		}
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		break;
	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_KEY:
		if ( lo->ldo_tls_key.bv_val )
			LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_key.bv_val );
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		if ( arg ) {
			lo->ldo_tls_key.bv_len = ((struct berval *)arg)->bv_len;
			lo->ldo_tls_key.bv_val = LDAP_MALLOC( lo->ldo_tls_key.bv_len );
			if ( !lo->ldo_tls_key.bv_val )
				return -1;
			AC_MEMCPY( lo->ldo_tls_key.bv_val, ((struct berval *)arg)->bv_val, lo->ldo_tls_key.bv_len );
		} else {
			BER_BVZERO( &lo->ldo_tls_key );
		}
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		break;
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	case LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_PEERKEY_HASH: {
		/* arg = "[hashalg:]pubkey_hash" */
		struct berval bv;
		char *p, *pin = arg;
		int rc = LDAP_SUCCESS;

		if ( !tls_imp->ti_session_pinning ) return -1;

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		if ( !pin || !*pin ) {
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			if ( lo->ldo_tls_pin_hashalg ) {
				LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_pin_hashalg );
			} else if ( lo->ldo_tls_pin.bv_val ) {
				LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_pin.bv_val );
			}
			lo->ldo_tls_pin_hashalg = NULL;
			BER_BVZERO( &lo->ldo_tls_pin );
			return rc;
		}

		pin = LDAP_STRDUP( pin );
		p = strchr( pin, ':' );

		/* pubkey (its hash) goes in bv, alg in p */
		if ( p ) {
			*p = '\0';
			bv.bv_val = p+1;
			p = pin;
		} else {
			bv.bv_val = pin;
		}

		bv.bv_len = strlen(bv.bv_val);
		if ( ldap_int_decode_b64_inplace( &bv ) ) {
			LDAP_FREE( pin );
			return -1;
		}

		if ( ld != NULL ) {
			LDAPConn *conn = ld->ld_defconn;
			if ( conn != NULL ) {
				Sockbuf *sb = conn->lconn_sb;
				void *sess = ldap_pvt_tls_sb_ctx( sb );
				if ( sess != NULL ) {
					rc = tls_imp->ti_session_pinning( ld, sess, p, &bv );
				}
			}
		}

		if ( rc == LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
			if ( lo->ldo_tls_pin_hashalg ) {
				LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_pin_hashalg );
			} else if ( lo->ldo_tls_pin.bv_val ) {
				LDAP_FREE( lo->ldo_tls_pin.bv_val );
			}
			lo->ldo_tls_pin_hashalg = p;
			lo->ldo_tls_pin = bv;
		} else {
			LDAP_FREE( pin );
		}

		return rc;
	}
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	default:
		return -1;
	}
	return 0;
}

int
ldap_int_tls_start ( LDAP *ld, LDAPConn *conn, LDAPURLDesc *srv )
{
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	char *host;
	void *ssl;
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	struct timeval start_time_tv, tv, tv0;
	ber_socket_t	sd = AC_SOCKET_ERROR;
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	if ( !conn )
		return LDAP_PARAM_ERROR;

	sb = conn->lconn_sb;
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	if( srv ) {
		host = srv->lud_host;
	} else {
 		host = conn->lconn_server->lud_host;
	}

	/* avoid NULL host */
	if( host == NULL ) {
		host = "localhost";
	}

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	(void) tls_init( tls_imp );
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	/*
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	 * Use non-blocking io during SSL Handshake when a timeout is configured
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	 */
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	async = LDAP_BOOL_GET( &ld->ld_options, LDAP_BOOL_CONNECT_ASYNC );
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	if ( ld->ld_options.ldo_tm_net.tv_sec >= 0 ) {
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		if ( !async ) {
			/* if async, this has already been set */
			ber_sockbuf_ctrl( sb, LBER_SB_OPT_SET_NONBLOCK, (void*)1 );
		}
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		ber_sockbuf_ctrl( sb, LBER_SB_OPT_GET_FD, &sd );
		tv = ld->ld_options.ldo_tm_net;
		tv0 = tv;
#ifdef HAVE_GETTIMEOFDAY
		gettimeofday( &start_time_tv, NULL );
#else /* ! HAVE_GETTIMEOFDAY */
		time( &start_time_tv.tv_sec );
		start_time_tv.tv_usec = 0;
#endif /* ! HAVE_GETTIMEOFDAY */
	}

	ld->ld_errno = LDAP_SUCCESS;
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	 /* this mainly only happens for non-blocking io
	  * but can also happen when the handshake is too
	  * big for a single network message.
	  */
	while ( ret > 0 ) {
		if ( async ) {
			struct timeval curr_time_tv, delta_tv;
			int wr=0;

			if ( sb->sb_trans_needs_read ) {
				wr=0;
			} else if ( sb->sb_trans_needs_write ) {
				wr=1;
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			}
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			Debug1( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE, "ldap_int_tls_start: ldap_int_tls_connect needs %s\n",
					wr ? "write": "read" );
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			/* This is mostly copied from result.c:wait4msg(), should
			 * probably be moved into a separate function */
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			gettimeofday( &curr_time_tv, NULL );
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#else /* ! HAVE_GETTIMEOFDAY */
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			time( &curr_time_tv.tv_sec );
			curr_time_tv.tv_usec = 0;
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#endif /* ! HAVE_GETTIMEOFDAY */

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			/* delta = curr - start */
			delta_tv.tv_sec = curr_time_tv.tv_sec - start_time_tv.tv_sec;
			delta_tv.tv_usec = curr_time_tv.tv_usec - start_time_tv.tv_usec;
			if ( delta_tv.tv_usec < 0 ) {
				delta_tv.tv_sec--;
				delta_tv.tv_usec += 1000000;
			}
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			/* tv0 < delta ? */
			if ( ( tv0.tv_sec < delta_tv.tv_sec ) ||
				 ( ( tv0.tv_sec == delta_tv.tv_sec ) &&
				   ( tv0.tv_usec < delta_tv.tv_usec ) ) )
			{
				ret = -1;
				ld->ld_errno = LDAP_TIMEOUT;
				break;
			}
			/* timeout -= delta_time */
			tv0.tv_sec -= delta_tv.tv_sec;
			tv0.tv_usec -= delta_tv.tv_usec;
			if ( tv0.tv_usec < 0 ) {
				tv0.tv_sec--;
				tv0.tv_usec += 1000000;
			}
			start_time_tv.tv_sec = curr_time_tv.tv_sec;
			start_time_tv.tv_usec = curr_time_tv.tv_usec;
			tv = tv0;
			Debug3( LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE, "ldap_int_tls_start: ld %p %ld s %ld us to go\n",
				(void *)ld, (long) tv.tv_sec, (long) tv.tv_usec );
			ret = ldap_int_poll( ld, sd, &tv, wr);
			if ( ret < 0 ) {
				ld->ld_errno = LDAP_TIMEOUT;
				break;
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			}
		}
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		ret = ldap_int_tls_connect( ld, conn, host );
	}
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	if ( ret < 0 ) {
		if ( ld->ld_errno == LDAP_SUCCESS )
			ld->ld_errno = LDAP_CONNECT_ERROR;
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		return (ld->ld_errno);
	}

	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

void *
ldap_pvt_tls_sb_ctx( Sockbuf *sb )
{
	void			*p = NULL;
	
	ber_sockbuf_ctrl( sb, LBER_SB_OPT_GET_SSL, (void *)&p );
	return p;
}

int
ldap_pvt_tls_get_strength( void *s )
{
	tls_session *session = s;

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	return tls_imp->ti_session_strength( session );
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}

int
ldap_pvt_tls_get_my_dn( void *s, struct berval *dn, LDAPDN_rewrite_dummy *func, unsigned flags )
{
	tls_session *session = s;
	struct berval der_dn;
	int rc;

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	rc = tls_imp->ti_session_my_dn( session, &der_dn );
	if ( rc == LDAP_SUCCESS )
		rc = ldap_X509dn2bv(&der_dn, dn, (LDAPDN_rewrite_func *)func, flags );
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	return rc;
}
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int
ldap_pvt_tls_get_unique( void *s, struct berval *buf, int is_server )
{
	tls_session *session = s;
	return tls_imp->ti_session_unique( session, buf, is_server );
}
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int
ldap_pvt_tls_get_endpoint( void *s, struct berval *buf, int is_server )
{
	tls_session *session = s;
	return tls_imp->ti_session_endpoint( session, buf, is_server );
}

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const char *
ldap_pvt_tls_get_version( void *s )
{
	tls_session *session = s;
	return tls_imp->ti_session_version( session );
}

const char *
ldap_pvt_tls_get_cipher( void *s )
{
	tls_session *session = s;
	return tls_imp->ti_session_cipher( session );
}
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int
ldap_pvt_tls_get_peercert( void *s, struct berval *der )
{
	tls_session *session = s;
	return tls_imp->ti_session_peercert( session, der );
}
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#endif /* HAVE_TLS */
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int
ldap_start_tls( LDAP *ld,
	LDAPControl **serverctrls,
	LDAPControl **clientctrls,
	int *msgidp )
{
	return ldap_extended_operation( ld, LDAP_EXOP_START_TLS,
		NULL, serverctrls, clientctrls, msgidp );
}

int
ldap_install_tls( LDAP *ld )
{
#ifndef HAVE_TLS
	return LDAP_NOT_SUPPORTED;
#else
	if ( ldap_tls_inplace( ld ) ) {
		return LDAP_LOCAL_ERROR;
	}

	return ldap_int_tls_start( ld, ld->ld_defconn, NULL );
#endif
}

int
ldap_start_tls_s ( LDAP *ld,
	LDAPControl **serverctrls,
	LDAPControl **clientctrls )
{
#ifndef HAVE_TLS
	return LDAP_NOT_SUPPORTED;
#else
	int rc;
	char *rspoid = NULL;
	struct berval *rspdata = NULL;

	/* XXYYZ: this initiates operation only on default connection! */

	if ( ldap_tls_inplace( ld ) ) {
		return LDAP_LOCAL_ERROR;
	}

	rc = ldap_extended_operation_s( ld, LDAP_EXOP_START_TLS,
		NULL, serverctrls, clientctrls, &rspoid, &rspdata );

	if ( rspoid != NULL ) {
		LDAP_FREE(rspoid);
	}

	if ( rspdata != NULL ) {
		ber_bvfree( rspdata );
	}

	if ( rc == LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
		rc = ldap_int_tls_start( ld, ld->ld_defconn, NULL );
	}

	return rc;
#endif
}

/* These tags probably all belong in lber.h, but they're
 * not normally encountered when processing LDAP, so maybe
 * they belong somewhere else instead.
 */

#define LBER_TAG_OID		((ber_tag_t) 0x06UL)

/* Tags for string types used in a DirectoryString.
 *
 * Note that IA5string is not one of the defined choices for
 * DirectoryString in X.520, but it gets used for email AVAs.
 */
#define	LBER_TAG_UTF8		((ber_tag_t) 0x0cUL)
#define	LBER_TAG_PRINTABLE	((ber_tag_t) 0x13UL)
#define	LBER_TAG_TELETEX	((ber_tag_t) 0x14UL)
#define	LBER_TAG_IA5		((ber_tag_t) 0x16UL)
#define	LBER_TAG_UNIVERSAL	((ber_tag_t) 0x1cUL)
#define	LBER_TAG_BMP		((ber_tag_t) 0x1eUL)

static oid_name *
find_oid( struct berval *oid )
{
	int i;

	for ( i=0; !BER_BVISNULL( &oids[i].oid ); i++ ) {
		if ( oids[i].oid.bv_len != oid->bv_len ) continue;
		if ( !strcmp( oids[i].oid.bv_val, oid->bv_val ))
			return &oids[i];
	}
	return NULL;
}

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/* Converts BER Bitstring value to LDAP BitString value (RFC4517)
 *
 * berValue    : IN
 * rfc4517Value: OUT
 *
 * berValue and ldapValue should not be NULL
 */

#define BITS_PER_BYTE	8
#define SQUOTE_LENGTH	1
#define B_CHAR_LENGTH	1
#define STR_OVERHEAD    (2*SQUOTE_LENGTH + B_CHAR_LENGTH)

static int
der_to_ldap_BitString (struct berval *berValue,
                                   struct berval *ldapValue)
{
	ber_len_t bitPadding=0;
	ber_len_t bits, maxBits;
	char *tmpStr;
	unsigned char byte;
	ber_len_t bitLength;
	ber_len_t valLen;
	unsigned char* valPtr;

	ldapValue->bv_len=0;
	ldapValue->bv_val=NULL;

	/* Gets padding and points to binary data */
	valLen=berValue->bv_len;
	valPtr=(unsigned char*)berValue->bv_val;
	if (valLen) {
		bitPadding=(ber_len_t)(valPtr[0]);
		valLen--;
		valPtr++;
	}
	/* If Block is non DER encoding fixes to DER encoding */
	if (bitPadding >= BITS_PER_BYTE) {
		if (valLen*BITS_PER_BYTE > bitPadding ) {
			valLen-=(bitPadding/BITS_PER_BYTE);
			bitPadding%=BITS_PER_BYTE;
		} else {
			valLen=0;
			bitPadding=0;
		}
	}
	/* Just in case bad encoding */
	if (valLen*BITS_PER_BYTE < bitPadding ) {
		bitPadding=0;
		valLen=0;
	}

	/* Gets buffer to hold RFC4517 Bit String format */
	bitLength=valLen*BITS_PER_BYTE-bitPadding;
	tmpStr=LDAP_MALLOC(bitLength + STR_OVERHEAD + 1);

	if (!tmpStr)
		return LDAP_NO_MEMORY;

	ldapValue->bv_val=tmpStr;
	ldapValue->bv_len=bitLength + STR_OVERHEAD;

	/* Formatting in '*binary-digit'B format */
	maxBits=BITS_PER_BYTE;
	*tmpStr++ ='\'';
	while(valLen) {
		byte=*valPtr;
		if (valLen==1)
			maxBits-=bitPadding;
		for (bits=0; bits<maxBits; bits++) {
			if (0x80 & byte)
				*tmpStr='1';
			else
				*tmpStr='0';
			tmpStr++;
			byte<<=1;
		}
		valPtr++;
		valLen--;
	}
	*tmpStr++ ='\'';
	*tmpStr++ ='B';
	*tmpStr=0;

	return LDAP_SUCCESS;
}

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/* Convert a structured DN from an X.509 certificate into an LDAPV3 DN.
 * x509_name must be raw DER. If func is non-NULL, the
 * constructed DN will use numeric OIDs to identify attributeTypes,
 * and the func() will be invoked to rewrite the DN with the given
 * flags.
 *
 * Otherwise the DN will use shortNames from a hardcoded table.
 */
int
ldap_X509dn2bv( void *x509_name, struct berval *bv, LDAPDN_rewrite_func *func,
	unsigned flags )
{
	LDAPDN	newDN;
	LDAPRDN	newRDN;
	LDAPAVA *newAVA, *baseAVA;
	BerElementBuffer berbuf;
	BerElement *ber = (BerElement *)&berbuf;
	char oids[8192], *oidptr = oids, *oidbuf = NULL;
	void *ptrs[2048];
	char *dn_end, *rdn_end;
	int i, navas, nrdns, rc = LDAP_SUCCESS;
	size_t dnsize, oidrem = sizeof(oids), oidsize = 0;
	int csize;
	ber_tag_t tag;
	ber_len_t len;
	oid_name *oidname;

	struct berval	Oid, Val, oid2, *in = x509_name;

	assert( bv != NULL );

	bv->bv_len = 0;
	bv->bv_val = NULL;

	navas = 0;
	nrdns = 0;

	/* A DN is a SEQUENCE of RDNs. An RDN is a SET of AVAs.
	 * An AVA is a SEQUENCE of attr and value.
	 * Count the number of AVAs and RDNs
	 */
	ber_init2( ber, in, LBER_USE_DER );
	tag = ber_peek_tag( ber, &len );
	if ( tag != LBER_SEQUENCE )
		return LDAP_DECODING_ERROR;

	for ( tag = ber_first_element( ber, &len, &dn_end );
		tag == LBER_SET;
		tag = ber_next_element( ber, &len, dn_end )) {
		nrdns++;
		for ( tag = ber_first_element( ber, &len, &rdn_end );
			tag == LBER_SEQUENCE;
			tag = ber_next_element( ber, &len, rdn_end )) {
			tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
			ber_skip_data( ber, len );
			navas++;
		}
	}

	/* Allocate the DN/RDN/AVA stuff as a single block */    
	dnsize = sizeof(LDAPRDN) * (nrdns+1);
	dnsize += sizeof(LDAPAVA *) * (navas+nrdns);
	dnsize += sizeof(LDAPAVA) * navas;
	if (dnsize > sizeof(ptrs)) {
		newDN = (LDAPDN)LDAP_MALLOC( dnsize );
		if ( newDN == NULL )
			return LDAP_NO_MEMORY;
	} else {
		newDN = (LDAPDN)(char *)ptrs;
	}
	
	newDN[nrdns] = NULL;
	newRDN = (LDAPRDN)(newDN + nrdns+1);
	newAVA = (LDAPAVA *)(newRDN + navas + nrdns);
	baseAVA = newAVA;

	/* Rewind and start extracting */
	ber_rewind( ber );

	tag = ber_first_element( ber, &len, &dn_end );
	for ( i = nrdns - 1; i >= 0; i-- ) {
		newDN[i] = newRDN;

		for ( tag = ber_first_element( ber, &len, &rdn_end );
			tag == LBER_SEQUENCE;
			tag = ber_next_element( ber, &len, rdn_end )) {

			*newRDN++ = newAVA;
			tag = ber_skip_tag( ber, &len );
			tag = ber_get_stringbv( ber, &Oid, LBER_BV_NOTERM );
			if ( tag != LBER_TAG_OID ) {
				rc = LDAP_DECODING_ERROR;
				goto nomem;
			}

			oid2.bv_val = oidptr;
			oid2.bv_len = oidrem;
			if ( ber_decode_oid( &Oid, &oid2 ) < 0 ) {
				rc = LDAP_DECODING_ERROR;
				goto nomem;
			}
			oidname = find_oid( &oid2 );
			if ( !oidname ) {
				newAVA->la_attr = oid2;
				oidptr += oid2.bv_len + 1;
				oidrem -= oid2.bv_len + 1;

				/* Running out of OID buffer space? */
				if (oidrem < 128) {
					if ( oidsize == 0 ) {
						oidsize = sizeof(oids) * 2;
						oidrem = oidsize;
						oidbuf = LDAP_MALLOC( oidsize );
						if ( oidbuf == NULL ) goto nomem;
						oidptr = oidbuf;
					} else {
						char *old = oidbuf;
						oidbuf = LDAP_REALLOC( oidbuf, oidsize*2 );
						if ( oidbuf == NULL ) goto nomem;
						/* Buffer moved! Fix AVA pointers */
						if ( old != oidbuf ) {
							LDAPAVA *a;
							long dif = oidbuf - old;

							for (a=baseAVA; a<=newAVA; a++){
								if (a->la_attr.bv_val >= old &&
									a->la_attr.bv_val <= (old + oidsize))
									a->la_attr.bv_val += dif;
							}
						}
						oidptr = oidbuf + oidsize - oidrem;
						oidrem += oidsize;
						oidsize *= 2;
					}
				}
			} else {
				if ( func ) {
					newAVA->la_attr = oidname->oid;
				} else {
					newAVA->la_attr = oidname->name;
				}
			}
1591
1592
			newAVA->la_private = NULL;
			newAVA->la_flags = LDAP_AVA_STRING;
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
			tag = ber_get_stringbv( ber, &Val, LBER_BV_NOTERM );
			switch(tag) {
			case LBER_TAG_UNIVERSAL:
				/* This uses 32-bit ISO 10646-1 */
				csize = 4; goto to_utf8;
			case LBER_TAG_BMP:
				/* This uses 16-bit ISO 10646-1 */
				csize = 2; goto to_utf8;
			case LBER_TAG_TELETEX:
				/* This uses 8-bit, assume ISO 8859-1 */
				csize = 1;
to_utf8:		rc = ldap_ucs_to_utf8s( &Val, csize, &newAVA->la_value );
1605
1606
				newAVA->la_flags |= LDAP_AVA_NONPRINTABLE;
allocd:
1607
1608
1609
1610
				newAVA->la_flags |= LDAP_AVA_FREE_VALUE;
				if (rc != LDAP_SUCCESS) goto nomem;
				break;
			case LBER_TAG_UTF8:
1611
				newAVA->la_flags |= LDAP_AVA_NONPRINTABLE;
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
				/* This is already in UTF-8 encoding */
			case LBER_TAG_IA5:
			case LBER_TAG_PRINTABLE:
				/* These are always 7-bit strings */
				newAVA->la_value = Val;
1617
				break;
1618
1619
1620
1621
			case LBER_BITSTRING:
				/* X.690 bitString value converted to RFC4517 Bit String */
				rc = der_to_ldap_BitString( &Val, &newAVA->la_value );
				goto allocd;
1622
			default:
1623
1624
1625
1626
				/* Not a string type at all */
				newAVA->la_flags = 0;
				newAVA->la_value = Val;
				break;
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
			}
			newAVA++;
		}
		*newRDN++ = NULL;
		tag = ber_next_element( ber, &len, dn_end );
	}
		
	if ( func ) {
		rc = func( newDN, flags, NULL );
		if ( rc != LDAP_SUCCESS )
			goto nomem;
	}

	rc = ldap_dn2bv_x( newDN, bv, LDAP_DN_FORMAT_LDAPV3, NULL );

nomem:
	for (;baseAVA < newAVA; baseAVA++) {
		if (baseAVA->la_flags & LDAP_AVA_FREE_ATTR)
			LDAP_FREE( baseAVA->la_attr.bv_val );
		if (baseAVA->la_flags & LDAP_AVA_FREE_VALUE)
			LDAP_FREE( baseAVA->la_value.bv_val );
	}

	if ( oidsize != 0 )
		LDAP_FREE( oidbuf );
	if ( newDN != (LDAPDN)(char *) ptrs )
		LDAP_FREE( newDN );
	return rc;
}