ldif.c 18.6 KB
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/* ldif.c - routines for dealing with LDIF files */
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/* $OpenLDAP$ */
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/* This work is part of OpenLDAP Software <http://www.openldap.org/>.
 *
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 * Copyright 1998-2020 The OpenLDAP Foundation.
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 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted only as authorized by the OpenLDAP
 * Public License.
 *
 * A copy of this license is available in the file LICENSE in the
 * top-level directory of the distribution or, alternatively, at
 * <http://www.OpenLDAP.org/license.html>.
 */
/* Portions Copyright (c) 1992-1996 Regents of the University of Michigan.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms are permitted
 * provided that this notice is preserved and that due credit is given
 * to the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.  The name of the
 * University may not be used to endorse or promote products derived
 * from this software without specific prior written permission.  This
 * software is provided ``as is'' without express or implied warranty.
 */
/* This work was originally developed by the University of Michigan
 * and distributed as part of U-MICH LDAP.
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 */
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#include "portable.h"

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#include <stdio.h>
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#include <ac/stdlib.h>
#include <ac/ctype.h>
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#include <ac/string.h>
#include <ac/socket.h>
#include <ac/time.h>

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int ldif_debug = 0;

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#include "ldap-int.h"
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#include "ldif.h"

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#define CONTINUED_LINE_MARKER	'\r'
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#ifdef CSRIMALLOC
#define ber_memalloc malloc
#define ber_memcalloc calloc
#define ber_memrealloc realloc
#define ber_strdup strdup
#endif

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static const char nib2b64[0x40] =
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        "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";

/*
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 * ldif_parse_line - takes a line of the form "type:[:] value" and splits it
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 * into components "type" and "value".  if a double colon separates type from
 * value, then value is encoded in base 64, and parse_line un-decodes it
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 * (in place) before returning. The type and value are stored in malloc'd
 * memory which must be freed by the caller.
 *
 * ldif_parse_line2 - operates in-place on input buffer, returning type
 * in-place. Will return value in-place if possible, (must malloc for
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 * fetched URLs). If freeval is NULL, all return data will be malloc'd
 * and the input line will be unmodified. Otherwise freeval is set to
 * True if the value was malloc'd.
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 */

int
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ldif_parse_line(
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    LDAP_CONST char	*line,
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    char	**typep,
    char	**valuep,
    ber_len_t *vlenp
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)
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{
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	struct berval type, value;
	int rc = ldif_parse_line2( (char *)line, &type, &value, NULL );

	*typep = type.bv_val;
	*valuep = value.bv_val;
	*vlenp = value.bv_len;
	return rc;
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}

int
ldif_parse_line2(
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    char	*line,
	struct berval *type,
	struct berval *value,
	int		*freeval
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)
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{
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	char	*s, *p, *d; 
	int	b64, url;

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	BER_BVZERO( type );
	BER_BVZERO( value );
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	/* skip any leading space */
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	while ( isspace( (unsigned char) *line ) ) {
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		line++;
	}

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	if ( freeval ) {
		*freeval = 0;
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	} else {
		line = ber_strdup( line );
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		if( line == NULL ) {
			ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY, ldif_debug,
				_("ldif_parse_line: line malloc failed\n"));
			return( -1 );
		}
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	}

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	type->bv_val = line;
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	s = strchr( type->bv_val, ':' );
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	if ( s == NULL ) {
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		ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_PARSE, ldif_debug,
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			_("ldif_parse_line: missing ':' after %s\n"),
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			type->bv_val );
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		if ( !freeval ) ber_memfree( line );
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		return( -1 );
	}

	/* trim any space between type and : */
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	for ( p = &s[-1]; p > type->bv_val && isspace( * (unsigned char *) p ); p-- ) {
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		*p = '\0';
	}
	*s++ = '\0';
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	type->bv_len = s - type->bv_val - 1;
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	url = 0;
	b64 = 0;

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	if ( *s == '<' ) {
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		s++;
		url = 1;
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	} else if ( *s == ':' ) {
		/* base 64 encoded value */
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		s++;
		b64 = 1;
	}

	/* skip space between : and value */
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	while ( isspace( (unsigned char) *s ) ) {
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		s++;
	}

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	/* check for continued line markers that should be deleted */
	for ( p = s, d = s; *p; p++ ) {
		if ( *p != CONTINUED_LINE_MARKER )
			*d++ = *p;
	}
	*d = '\0';

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	if ( b64 ) {
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		char *byte = s;

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		if ( *s == '\0' ) {
			/* no value is present, error out */
			ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_PARSE, ldif_debug,
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				_("ldif_parse_line: %s missing base64 value\n"),
				type->bv_val );
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			if ( !freeval ) ber_memfree( line );
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			return( -1 );
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		}

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		value->bv_val = s;
		value->bv_len = d - s;
		if ( ldap_int_decode_b64_inplace( value ) != LDAP_SUCCESS ) {
			ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_PARSE, ldif_debug,
				_("ldif_parse_line: %s base64 decode failed\n"),
				type->bv_val );
			if ( !freeval ) ber_memfree( line );
			return( -1 );
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		}
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	} else if ( url ) {
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		if ( *s == '\0' ) {
			/* no value is present, error out */
			ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_PARSE, ldif_debug,
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				_("ldif_parse_line: %s missing URL value\n"),
				type->bv_val );
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			if ( !freeval ) ber_memfree( line );
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			return( -1 );
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		}

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		if( ldif_fetch_url( s, &value->bv_val, &value->bv_len ) ) {
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			ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY, ldif_debug,
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				_("ldif_parse_line: %s: URL \"%s\" fetch failed\n"),
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				type->bv_val, s );
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			if ( !freeval ) ber_memfree( line );
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			return( -1 );
		}
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		if ( freeval ) *freeval = 1;
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	} else {
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		value->bv_val = s;
		value->bv_len = (int) (d - s);
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	}

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	if ( !freeval ) {
		struct berval bv = *type;

		ber_dupbv( type, &bv );
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		if( BER_BVISNULL( type )) {
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			ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY, ldif_debug,
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				_("ldif_parse_line: type malloc failed\n"));
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			if( url ) ber_memfree( value->bv_val );
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			ber_memfree( line );
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			return( -1 );
		}
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		if( !url ) {
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			bv = *value;
			ber_dupbv( value, &bv );
			if( BER_BVISNULL( value )) {
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				ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY, ldif_debug,
					_("ldif_parse_line: value malloc failed\n"));
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				ber_memfree( type->bv_val );
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				ber_memfree( line );
				return( -1 );
			}
		}

		ber_memfree( line );
	}
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	return( 0 );
}

/*
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 * ldif_getline - return the next "line" (minus newline) of input from a
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 * string buffer of lines separated by newlines, terminated by \n\n
 * or \0.  this routine handles continued lines, bundling them into
 * a single big line before returning.  if a line begins with a white
 * space character, it is a continuation of the previous line. the white
 * space character (nb: only one char), and preceeding newline are changed
 * into CONTINUED_LINE_MARKER chars, to be deleted later by the
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 * ldif_parse_line() routine above.
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 *
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 * ldif_getline will skip over any line which starts '#'.
 *
 * ldif_getline takes a pointer to a pointer to the buffer on the first call,
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 * which it updates and must be supplied on subsequent calls.
 */

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int
ldif_countlines( LDAP_CONST char *buf )
{
	char *nl;
	int ret = 0;

	if ( !buf ) return ret;

	for ( nl = strchr(buf, '\n'); nl; nl = strchr(nl, '\n') ) {
		nl++;
		if ( *nl != ' ' ) ret++;
	}
	return ret;
}

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char *
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ldif_getline( char **next )
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{
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	char *line;
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	do {
		if ( *next == NULL || **next == '\n' || **next == '\0' ) {
			return( NULL );
		}

		line = *next;
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		while ( (*next = strchr( *next, '\n' )) != NULL ) {
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#if CONTINUED_LINE_MARKER != '\r'
			if ( (*next)[-1] == '\r' ) {
				(*next)[-1] = CONTINUED_LINE_MARKER;
			}
#endif
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			if ( (*next)[1] != ' ' ) {
				if ( (*next)[1] == '\r' && (*next)[2] == '\n' ) {
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					*(*next)++ = '\0';
				}
				*(*next)++ = '\0';
				break;
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			}
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			**next = CONTINUED_LINE_MARKER;
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			(*next)[1] = CONTINUED_LINE_MARKER;
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			(*next)++;
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		}
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	} while( *line == '#' );
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	return( line );
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}

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/*
 * name and OID of attributeTypes that must be base64 encoded in any case
 */
typedef struct must_b64_encode_s {
	struct berval	name;
	struct berval	oid;
} must_b64_encode_s;

static must_b64_encode_s	default_must_b64_encode[] = {
	{ BER_BVC( "userPassword" ), BER_BVC( "2.5.4.35" ) },
	{ BER_BVNULL, BER_BVNULL }
};

static must_b64_encode_s	*must_b64_encode = default_must_b64_encode;

/*
 * register name and OID of attributeTypes that must always be base64 
 * encoded
 *
 * NOTE: this routine mallocs memory in a static struct which must 
 * be explicitly freed when no longer required
 */
int
ldif_must_b64_encode_register( LDAP_CONST char *name, LDAP_CONST char *oid )
{
	int		i;
	ber_len_t	len;

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	assert( must_b64_encode != NULL );
	assert( name != NULL );
	assert( oid != NULL );
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	len = strlen( name );

	for ( i = 0; !BER_BVISNULL( &must_b64_encode[i].name ); i++ ) {
		if ( len != must_b64_encode[i].name.bv_len ) {
			continue;
		}

		if ( strcasecmp( name, must_b64_encode[i].name.bv_val ) == 0 ) {
			break;
		}
	}

	if ( !BER_BVISNULL( &must_b64_encode[i].name ) ) {
		return 1;
	}

	for ( i = 0; !BER_BVISNULL( &must_b64_encode[i].name ); i++ )
		/* just count */ ;

	if ( must_b64_encode == default_must_b64_encode ) {
		must_b64_encode = ber_memalloc( sizeof( must_b64_encode_s ) * ( i + 2 ) );
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		if ( must_b64_encode == NULL ) {
		    return 1;
		}
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		for ( i = 0; !BER_BVISNULL( &default_must_b64_encode[i].name ); i++ ) {
			ber_dupbv( &must_b64_encode[i].name, &default_must_b64_encode[i].name );
			ber_dupbv( &must_b64_encode[i].oid, &default_must_b64_encode[i].oid );
		}

	} else {
		must_b64_encode_s	*tmp;

		tmp = ber_memrealloc( must_b64_encode,
			sizeof( must_b64_encode_s ) * ( i + 2 ) );
		if ( tmp == NULL ) {
			return 1;
		}
		must_b64_encode = tmp;
	}

	ber_str2bv( name, len, 1, &must_b64_encode[i].name );
	ber_str2bv( oid, 0, 1, &must_b64_encode[i].oid );

	BER_BVZERO( &must_b64_encode[i + 1].name );

	return 0;
}

void
ldif_must_b64_encode_release( void )
{
	int	i;

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	assert( must_b64_encode != NULL );
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	if ( must_b64_encode == default_must_b64_encode ) {
		return;
	}

	for ( i = 0; !BER_BVISNULL( &must_b64_encode[i].name ); i++ ) {
		ber_memfree( must_b64_encode[i].name.bv_val );
		ber_memfree( must_b64_encode[i].oid.bv_val );
	}

	ber_memfree( must_b64_encode );

	must_b64_encode = default_must_b64_encode;
}

/*
 * returns 1 iff the string corresponds to the name or the OID of any 
 * of the attributeTypes listed in must_b64_encode
 */
static int
ldif_must_b64_encode( LDAP_CONST char *s )
{
	int		i;
	struct berval	bv;

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	assert( must_b64_encode != NULL );
	assert( s != NULL );
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	ber_str2bv( s, 0, 0, &bv );

	for ( i = 0; !BER_BVISNULL( &must_b64_encode[i].name ); i++ ) {
		if ( ber_bvstrcasecmp( &must_b64_encode[i].name, &bv ) == 0
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			|| ber_bvcmp( &must_b64_encode[i].oid, &bv ) == 0 )
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		{
			return 1;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

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/* compatibility with U-Mich off by two bug */
#define LDIF_KLUDGE 2
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/* NOTE: only preserved for binary compatibility */
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void
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ldif_sput(
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	char **out,
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	int type,
	LDAP_CONST char *name,
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	LDAP_CONST char *val,
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	ber_len_t vlen )
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{
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	ldif_sput_wrap( out, type, name, val, vlen, LDIF_LINE_WIDTH+LDIF_KLUDGE );
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}

void
ldif_sput_wrap(
	char **out,
	int type,
	LDAP_CONST char *name,
	LDAP_CONST char *val,
	ber_len_t vlen,
        ber_len_t wrap )
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{
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	const unsigned char *byte, *stop;
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	unsigned char	buf[3];
	unsigned long	bits;
	char		*save;
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	int		pad;
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	int		namelen = 0;
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	ber_len_t savelen;
	ber_len_t len=0;
	ber_len_t i;

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	if ( !wrap )
		wrap = LDIF_LINE_WIDTH+LDIF_KLUDGE;
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	/* prefix */
	switch( type ) {
	case LDIF_PUT_COMMENT:
		*(*out)++ = '#';
		len++;

		if( vlen ) {
			*(*out)++ = ' ';
			len++;
		}

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		break;
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	case LDIF_PUT_SEP:
		*(*out)++ = '\n';
		return;
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	}
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	/* name (attribute type) */
	if( name != NULL ) {
		/* put the name + ":" */
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		namelen = strlen(name);
		strcpy(*out, name);
		*out += namelen;
		len += namelen;
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		if( type != LDIF_PUT_COMMENT ) {
			*(*out)++ = ':';
			len++;
		}

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	}
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#ifdef LDAP_DEBUG
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	else {
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		assert( type == LDIF_PUT_COMMENT );
	}
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#endif
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	if( vlen == 0 ) {
		*(*out)++ = '\n';
		return;
	}

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	switch( type ) {
	case LDIF_PUT_NOVALUE:
		*(*out)++ = '\n';
		return;

	case LDIF_PUT_URL: /* url value */
		*(*out)++ = '<';
		len++;
		break;

	case LDIF_PUT_B64: /* base64 value */
		*(*out)++ = ':';
		len++;
		break;
	}

	switch( type ) {
	case LDIF_PUT_TEXT:
	case LDIF_PUT_URL:
	case LDIF_PUT_B64:
		*(*out)++ = ' ';
		len++;
		/* fall-thru */

	case LDIF_PUT_COMMENT:
		/* pre-encoded names */
		for ( i=0; i < vlen; i++ ) {
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			if ( len > wrap ) {
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				*(*out)++ = '\n';
				*(*out)++ = ' ';
				len = 1;
			}

			*(*out)++ = val[i];
			len++;
		}
		*(*out)++ = '\n';
		return;
	}

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	save = *out;
	savelen = len;
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	*(*out)++ = ' ';
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	len++;

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	stop = (const unsigned char *) (val + vlen);
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	if ( type == LDIF_PUT_VALUE
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		&& isgraph( (unsigned char) val[0] ) && val[0] != ':' && val[0] != '<'
		&& isgraph( (unsigned char) val[vlen-1] )
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#ifndef LDAP_BINARY_DEBUG
		&& strstr( name, ";binary" ) == NULL
#endif
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#ifndef LDAP_PASSWD_DEBUG
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		&& !ldif_must_b64_encode( name )
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#endif
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	) {
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		int b64 = 0;

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		for ( byte = (const unsigned char *) val; byte < stop;
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		    byte++, len++ )
		{
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			if ( !isascii( *byte ) || !isprint( *byte ) ) {
				b64 = 1;
				break;
			}
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			if ( len >= wrap ) {
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				*(*out)++ = '\n';
				*(*out)++ = ' ';
				len = 1;
			}
			*(*out)++ = *byte;
		}
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		if( !b64 ) {
			*(*out)++ = '\n';
			return;
		}
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	}

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	*out = save;
	*(*out)++ = ':';
	*(*out)++ = ' ';
	len = savelen + 2;

	/* convert to base 64 (3 bytes => 4 base 64 digits) */
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	for ( byte = (const unsigned char *) val;
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		byte < stop - 2;
	    byte += 3 )
	{
		bits = (byte[0] & 0xff) << 16;
		bits |= (byte[1] & 0xff) << 8;
		bits |= (byte[2] & 0xff);

		for ( i = 0; i < 4; i++, len++, bits <<= 6 ) {
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			if ( len >= wrap ) {
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				*(*out)++ = '\n';
				*(*out)++ = ' ';
				len = 1;
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			}
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			/* get b64 digit from high order 6 bits */
			*(*out)++ = nib2b64[ (bits & 0xfc0000L) >> 18 ];
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		}
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	}
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	/* add padding if necessary */
	if ( byte < stop ) {
		for ( i = 0; byte + i < stop; i++ ) {
			buf[i] = byte[i];
		}
		for ( pad = 0; i < 3; i++, pad++ ) {
			buf[i] = '\0';
		}
		byte = buf;
		bits = (byte[0] & 0xff) << 16;
		bits |= (byte[1] & 0xff) << 8;
		bits |= (byte[2] & 0xff);

		for ( i = 0; i < 4; i++, len++, bits <<= 6 ) {
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			if ( len >= wrap ) {
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				*(*out)++ = '\n';
				*(*out)++ = ' ';
				len = 1;
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			}

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			if( i + pad < 4 ) {
				/* get b64 digit from low order 6 bits */
				*(*out)++ = nib2b64[ (bits & 0xfc0000L) >> 18 ];
			} else {
				*(*out)++ = '=';
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			}
		}
	}
	*(*out)++ = '\n';
}


/*
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 * ldif_type_and_value return BER malloc'd, zero-terminated LDIF line
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 */
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/* NOTE: only preserved for binary compatibility */
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char *
ldif_put(
	int type,
	LDAP_CONST char *name,
	LDAP_CONST char *val,
	ber_len_t vlen )
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{
	return ldif_put_wrap( type, name, val, vlen, LDIF_LINE_WIDTH );
}

char *
ldif_put_wrap(
	int type,
	LDAP_CONST char *name,
	LDAP_CONST char *val,
	ber_len_t vlen,
	ber_len_t wrap )
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{
    char	*buf, *p;
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    ber_len_t nlen;
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    nlen = ( name != NULL ) ? strlen( name ) : 0;

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	buf = (char *) ber_memalloc( LDIF_SIZE_NEEDED_WRAP( nlen, vlen, wrap ) + 1 );
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    if ( buf == NULL ) {
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		ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY, ldif_debug,
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			_("ldif_type_and_value: malloc failed!"));
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		return NULL;
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    }

    p = buf;
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    ldif_sput_wrap( &p, type, name, val, vlen, wrap );
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    *p = '\0';

    return( buf );
}
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int ldif_is_not_printable(
	LDAP_CONST char *val,
	ber_len_t vlen )
{
	if( vlen == 0 || val == NULL  ) {
		return -1;
	}

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	if( isgraph( (unsigned char) val[0] ) && val[0] != ':' && val[0] != '<' &&
		isgraph( (unsigned char) val[vlen-1] ) )
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	{
		ber_len_t i;

		for ( i = 0; val[i]; i++ ) {
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			if ( !isascii( val[i] ) || !isprint( (unsigned char) val[i] ) ) {
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				return 1;
			}
		}

		return 0;
	}

	return 1;
}
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LDIFFP *
ldif_open(
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	LDAP_CONST char *file,
	LDAP_CONST char *mode
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)
{
	FILE *fp = fopen( file, mode );
	LDIFFP *lfp = NULL;

	if ( fp ) {
		lfp = ber_memalloc( sizeof( LDIFFP ));
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		if ( lfp == NULL ) {
		    return NULL;
		}
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		lfp->fp = fp;
		lfp->prev = NULL;
	}
	return lfp;
}

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LDIFFP *
ldif_open_mem(
	char *ldif,
	size_t size,
	LDAP_CONST char *mode
)
{
#ifdef HAVE_FMEMOPEN
	FILE *fp = fmemopen( ldif, size, mode );
	LDIFFP *lfp = NULL;

	if ( fp ) {
		lfp = ber_memalloc( sizeof( LDIFFP ));
		lfp->fp = fp;
		lfp->prev = NULL;
	}
	return lfp;
#else /* !HAVE_FMEMOPEN */
	return NULL;
#endif /* !HAVE_FMEMOPEN */
}

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void
ldif_close(
	LDIFFP *lfp
)
{
	LDIFFP *prev;

	while ( lfp ) {
		fclose( lfp->fp );
		prev = lfp->prev;
		ber_memfree( lfp );
		lfp = prev;
	}
}

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#define	LDIF_MAXLINE	4096

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/*
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 * ldif_read_record - read an ldif record.  Return 1 for success, 0 for EOF,
 * -1 for error.
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 */
int
ldif_read_record(
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	LDIFFP      *lfp,
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	unsigned long *lno,		/* ptr to line number counter              */
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	char        **bufp,     /* ptr to malloced output buffer           */
	int         *buflenp )  /* ptr to length of *bufp                  */
{
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	char        line[LDIF_MAXLINE], *nbufp;
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	ber_len_t   lcur = 0, len;
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	int         last_ch = '\n', found_entry = 0, stop, top_comment = 0;
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	for ( stop = 0;  !stop;  last_ch = line[len-1] ) {
		/* If we're at the end of this file, see if we should pop
		 * back to a previous file. (return from an include)
		 */
		while ( feof( lfp->fp )) {
			if ( lfp->prev ) {
				LDIFFP *tmp = lfp->prev;
				fclose( lfp->fp );
				*lfp = *tmp;
				ber_memfree( tmp );
			} else {
				stop = 1;
				break;
			}
		}
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		if ( !stop ) {
			if ( fgets( line, sizeof( line ), lfp->fp ) == NULL ) {
				stop = 1;
				len = 0;
			} else {
				len = strlen( line );
			}
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		}

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		if ( stop ) {
			/* Add \n in case the file does not end with newline */
			if (last_ch != '\n') {
				len = 1;
				line[0] = '\n';
				line[1] = '\0';
				goto last;
			}
			break;
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		}

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		/* Squash \r\n to \n */
		if ( len > 1 && line[len-2] == '\r' ) {
			len--;
			line[len-1] = '\n';
		}

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		if ( last_ch == '\n' ) {
			(*lno)++;

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			if ( line[0] == '\n' ) {
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				if ( !found_entry ) {
					lcur = 0;
					top_comment = 0;
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					continue;
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				}
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				break;
			}

			if ( !found_entry ) {
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				if ( line[0] == '#' ) {
					top_comment = 1;
				} else if ( ! ( top_comment && line[0] == ' ' ) ) {
					/* Found a new entry */
					found_entry = 1;

					if ( isdigit( (unsigned char) line[0] ) ) {
						/* skip index */
						continue;
					}
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					if ( !strncasecmp( line, "include:",
						STRLENOF("include:"))) {
						FILE *fp2;
						char *ptr;
						found_entry = 0;

						if ( line[len-1] == '\n' ) {
							len--;
							line[len] = '\0';
						}

						ptr = line + STRLENOF("include:");
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						while (isspace((unsigned char) *ptr)) ptr++;
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						fp2 = ldif_open_url( ptr );
						if ( fp2 ) {
							LDIFFP *lnew = ber_memalloc( sizeof( LDIFFP ));
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							if ( lnew == NULL ) {
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								fclose( fp2 );
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								return 0;
							}
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							lnew->prev = lfp->prev;
							lnew->fp = lfp->fp;
							lfp->prev = lnew;
							lfp->fp = fp2;
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							line[len] = '\n';
							len++;
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							continue;
						} else {
							/* We failed to open the file, this should
							 * be reported as an error somehow.
							 */
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							ber_pvt_log_printf( LDAP_DEBUG_ANY, ldif_debug,
								_("ldif_read_record: include %s failed\n"), ptr );
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							return -1;
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						}
					}
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				}
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			}
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		}

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last:
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		if ( *buflenp - lcur <= len ) {
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			*buflenp += len + LDIF_MAXLINE;
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			nbufp = ber_memrealloc( *bufp, *buflenp );
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			if( nbufp == NULL ) {
				return 0;
			}
			*bufp = nbufp;
		}
		strcpy( *bufp + lcur, line );
		lcur += len;
	}

	return( found_entry );
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}