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.TH LDAP_GET_DN 3 "22 September 1998" "OpenLDAP LDVERSION"
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.SH NAME
ldap_get_dn, ldap_explode_dn, ldap_dn2ufn, ldap_is_dns_dn, ldap_explode_dns \- LDAP DN handling routines
.SH SYNOPSIS
.nf
.ft B
#include <lber.h>
#include <ldap.h>
.LP
.ft B
char *ldap_get_dn(ld, entry)
.ft
LDAP *ld;
LDAPMessage *entry;
.LP
.ft B
char **ldap_explode_dn(dn, notypes)
.ft
char *dn;
int notypes;
.LP
.ft B
char *ldap_dn2ufn(dn)
.ft
char *dn;
.LP
.ft B
int ldap_is_dns_dn(dn)
.ft
char *dn;
.LP
.ft B
char **ldap_explode_dns(dn)
.ft
char *dn;
.SH DESCRIPTION
These routines allow LDAP entry names (Distinguished Names, or DNs)
to be obtained, parsed, converted to a user-friendly form, and tested.
A DN has the form described in RFC 1779 "A String Representation of
Distinguished Names", unless it is an experimental DNS-style DN
which takes the form of an RFC 822 mail address.
.LP
The
.B ldap_get_dn()
routine takes an \fIentry\fP as returned by
.BR ldap_first_entry (3)
or
.BR ldap_next_entry (3)
and returns a copy of
the entry's DN.  Space for the DN will have been obtained via
.BR malloc (3),
and should be freed by the caller by a call to
.BR free (3).
.LP
The
.B ldap_explode_dn()
routine takes a DN as returned by
.B ldap_get_dn()
and breaks it up into its component parts.  Each part is known as a
Relative Distinguished Name, or RDN.
.B ldap_explode_dn()
returns a
NULL-terminated array, each component of which contains an RDN from the
DN.  The \fInotypes\fP parameter is used to request that only the RDN
values be returned, not their types.  For example, the DN "cn=Bob,
c=US" would return as either { "cn=Bob", "c=US", NULL } or { "Bob",
"US", NULL }, depending on whether notypes was 0 or 1, respectively.
The result can be freed by calling
.BR ldap_value_free (3).
.LP
.B ldap_dn2ufn()
is used to turn a DN as returned by
.B ldap_get_dn()
into a more user-friendly form, stripping off type names.  See
RFC 1781 "Using the Directory to Achieve User Friendly Naming"
for more details on the UFN format.  The space for the UFN returned
is obtained by a call to
.BR malloc (3),
and the user is responsible for freeing it via a call to
.BR free (3).
.LP
.B ldap_is_dns_dn()
returns non-zero if the dn string is an experimental
DNS-style DN (generally in the form of an RFC 822 e-mail address).  It
returns zero if the dn appears to be an RFC 1779 format DN.
.LP
.B ldap_explode_dns()
takes a DNS-style DN and breaks it up into its
component parts.
.B ldap_explode_dns()
returns a NULL-terminated array.
For example, the DN "mcs.umich.edu" will return { "mcs", "umich", "edu",
NULL }.  The result can be freed by calling
.BR ldap_value_free (3).
.SH ERRORS
If an error occurs in
.BR ldap_get_dn() ,
NULL is returned and the
.B ld_errno
field in the \fIld\fP parameter is set to indicate the error.  See
.BR ldap_error (3)
for a description of possible error codes.
.BR ldap_explode_dn() ,
.B ldap_explode_dns()
and
.B ldap_dn2ufn()
will return NULL with
.BR errno (3)
set appropriately in case of trouble.
.SH NOTES
These routines malloc memory that the caller must free.
.SH SEE ALSO
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.BR ldap(3) ,
.BR ldap_first_entry(3) ,
.BR ldap_error(3) ,
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.BR ldap_value_free(3)
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.SH ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
.B	OpenLDAP
is developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP Project (http://www.openldap.org/).
.B	OpenLDAP
is derived from University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.